LPG Subsidy Scheme, popularly known as PAHAL, was launched by Narendra Modi Government, where the citizens living below poverty line gets a new LPG connection with the subsidized amount of the rich/middle-class people (who sacrificed their subsidy voluntarily).
This scheme was primarily launched to facilitate rural development. In a country having 125 crores population, there are many people who do not need any subsidy in LPG gas but were paying the same amount no matter he needed the subsidy or not. So the government came up with an idea, where people could voluntarily give up their subsidy and the government used the same amount to give a new connection to the poor as they can’t afford it.
What is The LPG Subsidy Scheme?
The LPG Subsidy scheme introduced as PAHAL by Narendra Modi was initially launched in 54 districts when it started in 2014. By 2015, the scheme covered all the 622 districts remaining. The PAHAL or Pratyaksh Hanstantrit Labh Scheme states that there will be a direct benefit transfer of LPG subsidy that is given for domestic use. Initially, when the scheme started, the LPG subsidy was directly linked to the bank account via the Aadhaar Card under DBTL (Direct Benefit Transfer LPG). But the individuals who did not have an Aadhaar ID suffered. Thus the scheme was re-launched for the benefit of everyone, where CTC (Cash Transfer Compliant) was possible under PAHAL even if they do not have any Aadhaar card. But the CTC was only a two-month grace period given. Thereafter, Aadhaar is mandatory for LPG subsidies after 30th November.
Since LPG is a government provided service, there should be no money charged for transportation and direct delivery of LPG subsidies. Only the cost of the LPG is to be directed to the government. Thus, the mission of the PAHAL Scheme is providing cashless LPG Subsidies to households to maintain a transparency in the market.
What are DBTL and CTC?
DBTL is Direct Benefit Transfer LPG where the amount paid for LPG subsidies will be directly deducted from the bank account linked to the Aadhaar Card.
CTC is Cash Transfer Compliant where the bank account can be directly linked without an Aadhaar card in order to pay for LPG subsidies.
Update: This scheme is not available anymore.
What is the Success Rate Of LPG Subsidy Scheme?
- PAHAL has reached a major milestone with generating saving up to 21,000 crores by 2016. More savings are expected by the end of this fiscal year.
- In the face of demonetization, the dependency on PAHAL has increased as it promotes cashless transaction. Thus an increase in the number of LPG subsidies has been seen. From 13 crore in 2014 when it started, the number of domestic subsidies have become 17.4 crores.
- PMUY was introduced for the households below the poverty line. Under the PMUY or Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana, LPG connection is given to all the households below the poverty line at no cost.
What Are The CONS of LPG Subsidy Scheme?
PAHAL was introduced in good faith to start cashless provision of LPG subsidies, but it has gone awry in some places. India is divided into two parts: the under-developed and the highly developing. For the people in urban areas where development is fast paced, PAHAL through DBTL and CTC is possible. But when looking at the broader picture, the overall price indexing system has to be considered. The poorer sections of the society are falling in a disadvantageous position in this respect due to the lack of development.
The successful fulfillment of PAHAL scheme depends on factors like proper banking system and remote network connectivity. But neither exists in rural India. Thus over 10 million have given up LPG subsidies after PAHAL.
LPG Subsidy Recent News
- In an attempt to eradicate all black money and dealings in India, a new scheme related to PAHAL has been introduced. It states that all domestic households are entitled to a subscription of 12 cylinders of 14.2kg each at government stated rates. If more cylinders are in demand by the higher income group (greater than 10 lakh per annum), they will not get a further subscription.
- 12% of customers in Indore who had LPG subsidies have been denied subscription as they have not linked their Adhaar number to their accounts.
- The PMUY (Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana), which aimed at providing LPG as a free benefit to the households below poverty line, has met with a huge success. Narendra Modi has successfully monitored the delivery of LPG connections in 15 million households over a period of 8 months.