In winter, in the Gobi Desert, frosts can reach -40 degrees Celsius. In this regard, two-humped camels have a significantly longer fur than one-humped camels.
Diet of camels
Camels feed mainly on steppe and desert plants that contain little moisture:
- young shoots of saxaul,
- many species of saltwort,
And in the oases - juicy reed shoots, leaves and branches of trees. Many camel plants cannot eat any other animal. Camels can visit water sources only once a week, while absorbing a huge amount of moisture. There are cases when a heavily dehydrated large camel drank 100 liters of liquid in one sitting. The difference in the diet of dromedars and bactrians is insignificant and is due to the distribution area of various representatives of the flora.
In the absence of the usual food, camels are able to eat very seemingly inedible things: for example, leather and leather goods. Eyewitnesses testify that camels sometimes feast on paper (newspapers) and even sweaty soldier's tunics, carelessly left unattended. The latter can be explained by their craving for salty, like many ruminants. Domesticated camels, like wild ones, need a constant source of salt. Therefore, camel breeders always keep salt bars on hand and regularly treat their wards with them..