The theme of the spiritual world of the individual for many centuries has forced sages and scientists, church ministers and ordinary mortals to ponder, derive new hypotheses, confirm and refute them. Everyone has a general idea of it, but it is extremely rare to hear a specific answer to the question of what constitutes a person's spiritual world.
The concept of the spiritual world is quite broad, and it is rather difficult to give a clear formulation. Probably, it is more reasonable to approach the question of determining the components of the spiritual world from different positions.
From the point of view of psychological science, the spiritual world of a person consists of emotions and feelings experienced by him. The spiritual life of a person is laid down at the level of needs and forms cultural and moral perception, which, in turn, is a synthesis of the inner and outer world.
Spirituality embodies the quintessence of internal aspirations for external ideals and images. At the same time, the spiritual world of an individual is inextricably linked with the spiritual world of society.
Psychology attributes the following elements to the components of the spiritual world:
- Knowledge. A person has great potential, and today he has accumulated a huge information baggage. Spiritual development presupposes the presence and perception of knowledge about nature, society and, most importantly, a person's knowledge about himself.
- Faith and beliefs. First of all, this component assumes that the person believes in the truth of the beliefs that guide his mind and actions.
- Values. This part of the spiritual world gives meaning to a person's life, forms ideals and determines a personal position.
- Emotions and feelings. The elements on the basis of which a person's connection with other people and society as a whole is built.
- Objectives. In this part of the spiritual world of a person, his conscious activity is focused, reflecting the aspirations and desires of the individual.
So, the psychological idea of the spiritual world of a person is based on the connection between the individual and society, the formation of spiritual culture and the use of the accumulated experience of previous generations.
The religious idea of the spiritual world of a person largely depends on nationality, which determines the moral values of a particular people.
The common points that unite the spiritual world of different nations are:
- faith in God;
- personal qualities (kindness, peacefulness, modesty, generosity);
- Following religious covenants.
The level of spirituality acts as the main criterion reflecting the state of the inner world of people. This state of affairs is inherent in almost all world religious teachings.
The spiritual world of a believer is an unshakable recognition of the existence of God, a feeling of his support and constant presence. Faith allows a person to go beyond the usual and everyday framework of understanding spirituality. This is no longer just an idea of the rules of behavior and information perception, but an opportunity to see your inner and surrounding world through the prism of the divine principle.
The spiritual world of man in philosophy is an inseparable and absolutely integral concept. At the same time, the phenomenon of spirituality is composed of many factors, the main of which are:
The unique ability of an individual, associated with the ability to explore, perceive and apply the experience of all mankind, forms his spiritual world. At the same time, the achievements of generations are refracted through the prism of a person's worldview, thereby generating spiritual energy. “Outside the spiritual content,” wrote the modern philosopher M. K. Mamardashvili, “any business is half the battle. I cannot imagine philosophy without knights of honor and human dignity. Everything else is words. People should recognize themselves in the thoughts of philosophers. "
Nothing other than philosophy, stimulates to life absolutely all the elements included in the spiritual world of the individual. The science of the sages teaches a person to live according to a reasonable postulate consistent with his own conscience. She forms a self-sufficient personality, spiritually strong. This happens due to a critical attitude and a rational and moral life orientation.
Self-confidence, coupled with the ability to make the right moral choice - this is that social and spiritual value with a special energy to which modern society strives and which is so significant for everyone.
The spiritual world of any person is unique, because similar components tend to vary and take on a variety of forms. The spiritual world is all the variety of feelings and emotions, character and temperament, thoughts and actions. The spiritual world is a combination of internal experiences and external circumstances, which largely depend on individual-typical properties, religious and national traditions, and the characteristics of upbringing..