At first glance, there is nothing in common between science and culture. However, this connection exists.
Science is a complex of any knowledge. Many of this knowledge was obtained in antiquity and became a catalyst for the development of mankind. This knowledge came to people, as a rule, in the course of practical actions, even when it was impossible to find a theoretical explanation for them. So, overcoming the obstacles that nature itself put before a person at all times of his existence, people honed their skills, received all new knowledge, analyzed it and applied it to solve any problem. So, for example, without having the slightest idea what a lever is and its principle of operation, already ancient people, by trial and error, came to the conclusion that it is much easier to lift heavy objects in this way. Thus, the development of culture and civilization provoked the emergence and development of science, and the achievements obtained through the practical application of scientific developments enable humanity to develop further.
It turns out that the words "science" and "culture" are used together so often for a reason. These two concepts are already so intertwined with each other that sometimes it becomes difficult to determine whether we are talking about science or culture.
The word " science" has many meanings. From a philosophical point of view, science is a social consciousness, but most often science means systematized knowledge, obtaining knowledge or putting it into practice. The development of science has a huge impact on the history of civilization, and hence on the development of its culture.
Culture determines the development of society, nation, civilization and is the unity of human achievements in various fields of activity.
Form of reflection of reality
Both science and culture, not only shape the development of humanity in the future, but are also a reflection of today's reality. In science, this reflection has the form of a concept or category, and in culture - an artistic image.
Accuracy of information transmission
Science does not allow any inaccuracies, adornments of reality, personal attitude to the object of research. A work of art, and in general, art, as a component of culture, implies the presence of an artistic image, fiction, and a creative approach.
Any cultural object is unique. If the artistic image becomes absent in art, the work of art itself will become a simple statement of fact. If a nation creates its cultural heritage by analogy with any other, the development of civilization will stop. As for science, it strives for the identity of the forms of expression, decomposition into categories, submission to general laws.
- Science is a consequence and systematization of the cultural heritage of a nation.
- Science pursues the maximum accuracy of information, culture admits the presence of a subjective component.
- Culture is absolutely unique in each case. Science seeks to subordinate all knowledge to general laws.
- Science reflects reality through concepts and categories. Culture through artistic images.