The difference between knowledge and cognition.

Cognition is a tool for mastering knowledge. In many cases, it is subjective and cannot be passed on from one person to another.

In science, there are rather tense discussions about what is primary - knowledge or cognition. Researchers who believe that knowledge precedes knowledge argue that in order to master some knowledge (for example, complex mathematical formulas), a person needs to have others - for example, knowledge of simple formulas. In this sense, knowledge of complex formulas is preceded by knowledge of simple ones.

But there is another point of view, which is that knowledge is universal and, in principle, does not depend on specific knowledge. But since it is used in order to master it, it is primary in relation to it in the "cognition - knowledge" link.

One way or another, scientists have more or less the same point of view that knowledge is the result of knowledge. But some researchers believe that knowledge is impossible without prior knowledge.

Having determined what is the difference between knowledge and cognition, let us fix the conclusions in the table.


Knowledge Cognition
What do they have in common?
Knowledge is the result of knowledge
What is the difference between them?
It is information, an intellectual resource that a person can use for any purposeIt is a thought process through which a person acquires knowledge
Objectively, can be transferred from one person to anotherSubjectively, reflects the individual characteristics of a person's thinking