Along with cambric and chintz, coarse calico and satin are considered to be natural fabrics with one hundred percent cotton content. They really consist of cotton fibers, the density of the fabric and its quality depend on the way of weaving. Calico and satin have different quality characteristics.
Satin - very dense cotton fabric, which is made from double-weave yarns. This way of twisting the thread makes the surface of the finished fabric as smooth and shiny as satin. This is how "satin" is translated from French. The method of its production was brought to Russia at the end of the 19th century, but the fabric itself was used long before the first meter of domestic satin was released.
Calico - natural cotton fabric of plain weave, in which a thick strong thread is used as a base, and for a weft - thinner threads made of cotton or synthetic material. This weaving method makes the surface of the fabric strong and double-sided, and the fabric itself - light and pleasant to the touch, despite the high density and not always high content of natural fibers.
Coarse calico differs from satin not only by the way of weaving threads, but also by the specifics of their subsequent processing. Satin is dyed in various colors or printed on the fabric.
Coarse calico according to the method of processing is smooth-dyed and printed, bleached or harsh. Its color variety is not as rich as that of satin, but it fully satisfies the needs of manufacturers that produce bedding and light outerwear.
Severe, or raw coarse calico is used for sewing cushioning fragments of upholstered furniture, car seats and fabric parts of tourist equipment. It is characterized by increased strength and wear resistance. Lining for suits and coats is traditionally made from plain-dyed coarse calico. Bleached colored fabric is great for bedding, kids and summer clothes. Products made of coarse calico do not wrinkle, are easily washed, and can withstand up to 300 washings without significantly changing the original quality. The fabric has good breathability and hygroscopicity.
Satin is one of the best materials for bedding. Shine and smoothness, a wide range of colors, softness are important qualities, thanks to which this fabric is preferred even over linen. Satin underwear belongs to the type of natural products, retains its appearance and shape for a long time, it is cool under it in summer and warm in the cold season.
While coarse calico can contain up to 25% acrylic or other synthetic additives, satin is a 100% natural fabric, which is highly valued by modern consumers.
- The method of producing satin is based on the technology of dense weaving of a thread, which is obtained from medium-staple cotton by the method of double twisting. Calico is a plain weave fabric with a base of thick threads that give it special strength.
- Satin is dyed in the usual or printed way. Coarse calico by the type of processing can be dyed or unpainted.
- Satin has front and back sides. Calico is a double-sided fabric, which makes it more convenient to use.
- Due to the use of double-weave yarns for the production of satin, this fabric is shiny and silky smooth. Calico does not have such properties.
- Satin is used mainly for sewing bed linen. Not only bedding is sewn from coarse calico, but also clothes, as well as fabric fragments of upholstered furniture.