The status of a higher education institution is determined in accordance with its organizational and legal basis and a certificate of state accreditation, which gives students the opportunity to master professional educational programs and the right to receive a state diploma. The Institute and the Academy have some differences in the list and content of these programs, and also have different tasks in the organization of research and methodological activities.
Institute - a higher educational institution, the educational programs of which are drawn up for the training of specialists in a specific professional field, as well as for the implementation of postgraduate education, retraining and advanced training of workers employed in the field of professional activity corresponding to the profile of this university.
Academy is a higher educational institution that implements educational programs of higher and postgraduate professional education, and is also a leading scientific and methodological center that trains highly qualified specialists for teaching and research activities.
The specialty that is obtained at the institute has a narrow professional focus. Thorough theoretical training and study of disciplines related to special ones provides a high qualification level of employees with an institute diploma. However, they do not receive the right to engage in scientific and pedagogical activities if their studies are not continued in a master's or postgraduate studies.
This is due to the fact that the institute, as a higher educational institution, conducts fundamental or applied scientific research in its field, but does not have the function of a scientific and methodological coordinator for the basic training of specialists of higher qualifications. categories.
The Academy has a sufficient scientific and methodological base for the implementation of educational programs that provide training of personnel with a wider specialization than graduates of institutes. It is applicable in the field of scientific and scientific-pedagogical activity, the direction of which is reflected in the name of the academy.
A higher educational institution acquires the status of an institute if at least half of its teaching staff has academic degrees and titles. The teaching staff of the academy must consist of at least 60% of specialists with candidates and doctors of science degrees. These requirements must be taken into account when accrediting a university and assigning it the appropriate status.
The priority in the work of the academies is fundamental scientific research and the creation of methods to optimize the scientific process. They are also used in research practice by other higher educational institutions, including institutes of a general profile with the academy.
- The status of the academy is assigned to an educational institution that not only implements educational programs of higher and postgraduate professional education, but also represents a leading scientific and methodological center.
- The Institute is not the coordinator of scientific and methodological activities, although it conducts fundamental or applied scientific research.
- The academy presents a wide specialization in a specific area of scientific and educational activities.
- At the institute, specialization is limited to the task of training specialists for a specific, rather narrow, area of professional activity.
- The percentage of researchers with academic degrees and titles in the academy is higher than in the institute.