The difference between ability and inclinations.

Each of us, when we come to this world, has our own potential. And the one who was able to develop the inclinations given by nature and fully realize his abilities can be called a successful, happy person. However, not everyone understands how abilities differ from inclinations. Let's try to figure it out.


Under abilities mean individual personality traits that contribute to the achievement of success in a certain type of activity. Abilities have not a physiological, but a psychological basis. The fact that a person has the ability to do something can be judged by the rapid mastery of a specific skill and the high quality of achievements.

Inclinations - anatomical and physiological characteristics inherent in a person, which act as a basis for the development of abilities. It is wrong to think that one corresponding ability is formed from any separate inclinations. The inclinations are multi-valued: each of them serves as the basis for the development of various abilities. For example, having an absolute ear for music as a deposit, a person can become a composer, instrument tuner or conductor.


It is clear from the definitions that the makings are primary. But this does not mean that a person who possesses them will have certain abilities. What is the key difference between ability and disposition? If people are already born with inclinations, then abilities must be purposefully developed by engaging in relevant activities.

The inclinations can be associated with the structural features of the body (weight, height, etc.), the work of the sensory organs (visual acuity), the individual properties of the nervous system (balance, reaction speed, working pace), the functioning of the cerebral hemispheres and so on.

The inclinations appear already when a person first tries to master this or that occupation. And whether after this the development of abilities will take place largely depends on the conditions created for further activity. If these conditions are favorable, then with good inclinations, abilities can develop very early.

In addition, the degree of hard work of a person and his persistence in achieving the set goals plays a decisive role in the formation of abilities. One who possesses even the most outstanding inclinations will not become a talented scientist, athlete or actor if he does not show will and determination in mastering the skill. Conversely, mediocre inclinations with hard work will help to achieve very noticeable success.