In addition to doctors of various specialties, a whole team of medical personnel is guarding our health. Sisters, paramedics, orderlies - their work simply cannot be underestimated. Indeed, the efficiency of the treatment, the speed of recovery of patients after operations, the sterility of devices, etc., depend on the professionalism and conscientiousness of these workers. In this article, we will consider how a paramedic differs from a nurse.
Paramedic is a medical worker with secondary specialized education who has the right to conduct self-diagnosis and prescribe treatment to patients. If necessary, he can refer the patient to the correct doctor. The term in question comes from the German word "feld", which means "field" in translation. So in medieval Germany was called a doctor who provides assistance to soldiers wounded in battle. Since this happened in the field, he was called a paramedic. Today, in our country, doctors of this specialization successfully work in the ambulance service, in which they play the role of a responsible executor. Whereas in a hospital they operate under the guidance of a doctor. Often paramedics can be found in medical centers of large enterprises, on ships and ships, at airports and in military units. They also work in the admission department of the hospital, dispatchers on the phone, deputy doctors of the district service, etc.
Nurse - professional assistant to the attending physician, specialist with secondary specialized education. He fulfills the doctor's prescriptions: he gives injections and dressings, puts on droppers, gives medicine to patients, measures temperature, etc. In nursing, as well as in medicine, there are a huge number of positions. To take some of them, you need to get a higher medical education, while for others, it is enough to take special courses. The profession originated in Western Europe in the distant XI century. It was then that the first women's nursing communities were established. Moreover, in peacetime, the sisters worked only with the fair sex, and during the war years they had to help men too.
Of course, the main differences between professions lie in the powers of employees and their responsibilities. As mentioned above, the paramedic has the right to independently diagnose and provide first aid. He is able to diagnose and prescribe treatment, write out sick leaves, refer a patient to a narrow specialist, etc. Such an employee must receive an advanced secondary vocational education. This can be achieved by studying for 3 years 10 months in a medical college or school. After the issuance of the relevant document, the specialist acquires the right to work as an obstetrician or laboratory assistant. Sometimes a paramedic is able to replace a doctor when it comes to ambulance service or work in regions remote from "civilization". He is also free to give orders to junior staff, including nurses. Essentially, a paramedic can be compared to a local therapist or family doctor. By the way, it is often the representative of this profession that has to save lives and provide first aid. Both women and men are becoming specialists in this area.
The main difference between a paramedic and a nurse is that the last worker does not have the right to independently carry out examination, diagnosis and prescribe treatment. She only fulfills the prescriptions of a doctor or paramedic. However, in the absence of responsible persons, nurses must provide first aid to the patient. In general, the main duties of female workers are to carry out procedures, dispense medicines and monitor their intake, visit patients at home, ensure infection safety, etc. Nurses also act as assistants during operations, perform blood transfusions under the supervision of a doctor, and reporting documentation, carry out the simplest laboratory tests. The specialty can be obtained after completing college education for a period of 2 years 10 months. This level of secondary specialized education is basic. It is worth noting that this position is held only by women. Whereas men performing the same functions are called "nurses".
|Acts under the guidance of a doctor, but has the right to independently diagnose and treat patients||Is an assistant to a doctor and paramedic, fulfills their prescriptions|
|In some cases, he is able to substitute for a doctor||In an emergency, can provide first aid to the patient|
|Must have advanced secondary vocational education||Basic secondary vocational education|
|Can work as an obstetrician or laboratory assistant||Acts as an assistant during operations, has the right to conduct basic laboratory tests|
|Both women and men are carriers of the profession||Purely female specialization|