Palace and castle are types of buildings. Both of them are impressive in size. But the structure and functions of each of the structures are different.
Palace is a ceremonial building with a peculiar architecture and special purpose.
Castle - a building intended for housing and protection from enemies.
First, let's pay attention to some features of the structures. So, the difference between a palace and a castle lies in the very created atmosphere. The palace looks festive, presentable, its adjoining territory is in perfect condition. As a rule, such a building has a rectangular outline. It impresses with its size and rich finish. Inside the palace, you can see the same splendor: spacious halls with high ceilings, wide staircases, expensive furniture, exclusive interior details.
The castle is something mysterious, unapproachable, and sometimes gloomy. It is erected on a hill, rocky ledge, or even on an island. Usually this is a complex of adjacent buildings, among which there are round towers, and elements of rectangular or polygonal shape. Among the components of the entire structure are a fortress wall, a moat that impedes access to the castle, and a drawbridge. In the castle itself there are narrow staircases and small rooms. There are also one or two larger halls that served for joint meals and receptions.
A similar difference in the structure of structures is explained by their purpose. What is the difference between a palace and a castle? It consists in the fact that the palaces, which were in the possession of noble persons, were built so that it was convenient to hold magnificent receptions and celebrations in them with the invitation of many guests. They did not perform a defensive function. Over time, some buildings for meetings of government officials began to be called palaces. Nowadays, there are palaces that perform an important public function, for example, the Palace of Culture.
Feudal lords and nobles lived in the castles. Such structures appeared during the internecine wars, and their purpose was to repel the approaching enemies. Already on the approach to the formidable structure, the attackers began to doubt their victory. I must say that the castle often served as a salvation not only for its inhabitants. Often, the inhabitants of the surrounding settlements, having heard the alarming news of the messengers, in a hurry gathered food and also hurried to hide behind high strong walls, while the soldiers took their positions at the loopholes. A good castle was able to withstand a difficult and prolonged siege..