Management issues at all times attracted increased attention of people seeking power, because the mechanisms for obtaining and retaining it will never be fully understood. Separate management schools contrast the leader and the leader as two different forms of influence on the team. Who is better to be: an appointed manager or a recognized authority who is loved and idolized?
Leader - an open or unspoken status that allows a person to exercise authority and influence in a social group, manage it and implement certain projects and ideas. Charismatic "leaders" get power due to their charm and inner attraction, formal - due to legitimacy. The loss of status occurs as the old leaders are replaced by new ones who enjoy greater trust and respect.
Manager - a person with formal status and job descriptions, authorized to manage a certain community of people. This can be a director of a firm, a head of a department, a president, or a chairman of the board. Its main difference is legitimacy, that is, the possession of normatively fixed power and a certain range of powers.
It is not entirely correct to draw the line between these categories on such grounds as management style, interference in the activities of the team, authority. After all, both the leader and the leader can be equally passive or active, despotic or democratic, educated or illiterate. When discussing categories without emotion, the differences are seen in a completely different way.
First, a leader is a broader concept than a leader. These can be both formal and informal “leaders” of the community. Secondly, the leader always has a legitimate status. Its loss automatically entails the loss of its place. A leader can be an unspoken leader, the spirit of a nation or society. Even if he is removed from his post, he will still retain his authority and status.
- The scope of the concept. Leader is a broader concept than a leader.
- Method of obtaining status. Leaders are appointed, leaders are made.
- Formal expression of power. The leader always has legitimacy, the leader can be elected behind the scenes.
- Loss of functions. The leader loses his status when he is removed from office, the leader - when a new "leader" appears.