Many do not even think about the differences between a glass and a wine glass, considering this question to be elementary. But the first association (a glass - for wine, a glass - for champagne) does not reveal even a small fraction of the whole truth about the relationship between these two famous representatives of cutlery. To illuminate this issue in full, let us turn to etymology.
The word "glass" originated from Latin, in different countries has different meanings: a jug (Spain), a bottle (France), a cup (Germany) and even a chamber pot (Italy). It is easy to highlight a common feature: a glass - a vessel for liquid.
In Russian, a glass is assigned the role of a thin-walled stack, with or without a leg. It should be understood that the word "glass" is a general designation that hides dozens of varieties of barware for serving a certain type of drinks. There are quite a few classifications of glasses, here is just one of them:
- glasses for still wines;
- glasses for sparkling wines, mineral waters and juices;
- cocktail, liqueur glasses;
- glasses for beer, kvass;
- Brandy glasses.
It is the glasses for sparkling wines, mineral waters and juices that are usually called wine glasses. To better understand the difference, let's compare still and sparkling wine glasses.
Wine is a product of increased volatility of aromatic substances (phenols). The shape of the glass allows you to regulate the area of contact of the drink with the air - the place where the aroma is released. Red wines are richer than whites. To convey the entire complex bouquet, a "barrel" glass was created. The maximum area of contact of the drink with air increases the degree of release of phenols, the narrowed neck allows you to collect them together.
White wines are lighter. The aroma should be less saturated, so there is no narrowing of the neck - the glass has smooth walls.
Sparkling wines are considered the most refined. When using them, the task of the wine glass differs from the task assigned to other types of glasses. For courage, for a sense of the holiday, it is customary to use an old school wine glass - a glass bowl. But it does not convey the fullness of taste and aroma. To conduct tastings and evaluate the quality of the drink, you will need a new school glass. Such a glass allows you not only to see the game, but also to feel the aroma, imperceptible when served differently.
Red and white (still) wines, poured into a glass of the first type, will soon lose most of the aroma. In the second type, the wine glass will simply not open.
- A glass is a general name for thin-walled glassware for serving drinks. A wine glass is a type of glass used to serve sparkling wines, mineral waters and juices, with a thin stem.
- Any glass other than a wine glass is not suitable for serving sparkling wines.