Everyone knows that flying by plane is much easier and faster than traveling by any other means of transport. But an airplane, no matter how comfortable it is, can never compete in romance with a train. Imagine: night, flashlights flickering outside the window, unfamiliar stations, guitar chords from the next compartment - and all this happens to the monotonous sound of wheels... When buying a train ticket, you will definitely be offered two options for accommodation: in a compartment or reserved seat. We will try to tell you about the difference between these two types of cars.
Initially, while traveling by rail the road was not long, all the carriages were shared. But gradually the length of the path increased and the passengers needed to rest somehow. In 1831, a young designer named Pullman proposed converting the carriages for the convenience of passengers. To do this, it was necessary to expand the carriage itself, install folding shelves for sleeping, a table, and most importantly - a door on wheels, which parted, separating passengers from the rest. At first, the officials rejected the project, but once they took a ride in a test car of this type, they decided to start mass production. This is how the first compartment cars appeared.
A reserved seat is an exclusively Soviet phenomenon. In order to reduce the cost of travel and bring people closer together, the main beauty of the compartment - the sliding doors - was removed. Now everyone could not only see what the neighbor had for lunch, but also closely examine the color of his socks. In addition, the number of berths has increased in the reserved seat. Two were added on each side.
The compartment carriage consists of nine or ten compartments (there are different designs). Each individual carriage is isolated from the common corridor by a sliding door. Sleeping places in compartment cars are longer than in reserved seats. There are also emergency exits located in the third and sixth carriages. Seats in a compartment carriage - 36. If you wish, when buying a ticket, you can ask for a seat in an exclusively female compartment (men do not sell tickets there) or in a male compartment (where women are not allowed to enter).
There are much more seats in a reserved seat carriage - 54. There are 9 compartments in a car of this type, each of which has six seats: four are located in the same way as in the compartment, and two are on the side. Such cars are considered less comfortable and cost almost half the price of seats in compartment cars.
- As a type of carriage, compartments are widespread throughout the world, reserved seat cars are only in the post-Soviet space.
- There are fewer passenger seats in a compartment carriage than in a reserved seat carriage.
- The shelves in the compartment are somewhat longer than in the reserved seat.
- Each compartment has a door; there is no door in the reserved seat.