Literary norms of word use, which exist as a standard of correct, competent speech, do not always coincide with the options that arise in live communication. Sometimes colloquial forms acquire stability close to normative. However, the spelling of words still obeys the requirements of the literary language, therefore, it should be established which form of the genitive case of the nounshoesis correct:shoesorshoes.
The change in the case endings of nouns depends on the type of declension to which they refer. The type of declension is determined by the initial form of the word, which makes it possible to establish its gender and ending in the nominative case.
The initial form of the nounshoeindicates the feminine gender, and its ending corresponds to the first declension. According to the rules existing in the Russian language, nouns of the first declension in the plural can have the genitive ending -heror the so-called zero ending : candle - candles - candles; family - families - families; apple tree - apple trees - apple trees; wedding - weddings - weddings.
The use of a zero ending or ending -herdepends on which part of the word in the initial form the stress falls on. The ending -herhave nouns with an accent on the last syllable:candlesa–candlesher; seveni- semher. The zero ending is usually found in nouns with an accent on the first syllable:Iblonya -Iblonny; cvadba-cvadeb. In its initial form, the nounmyflahas the first stressed syllable, therefore, in the genitive plural it is used with a zero ending:myfla - myfli - myfel.
The normative form of the genitive case of the nounshoesin colloquial speech has a variantshoesendwith a shift in stress to the ending. It arose and was fixed in common parlance due to the fact that this word is often used in the masculine gender : shoes: my shoes; women's shoes. In this form, when changing in cases, the noun acquires the endings of the first declension of the masculine type - the same as in the words horse, fire, stump:
horse - horses - horses; fire - lights - lights; stump - stumps - stump; shoes - shoes - shoes.
The use of the formshoesis permissible only in colloquial speech. The literary language norm is the genitive pluralof shoes:buy a pair of shoes; to be left without shoes.
TheDifference.ru gives the following recommendations on the correct use of the noun forms of shoes and shoes:
- The genitive plural form is considered the normative form of word useshoes.
- The use of the vernacular formof shoesis permissible as a stylistic device, but in literary oral and written speech only the normative versionof shoes is used.