How to determine the conjugation of a verb?.

The knowledge of how to determine the conjugation of a verb is erased from the memory of a schoolboy almost instantly after the prom. But it is precisely this that allows you to avoid mistakes in writing unstressed endings of verbs (it is worth recognizing that for many “the sun is shining”, “parents are worried”, “lungs are breathing”).

Conjugation - change of verbs by person, number, tenses and gender. In Russian, verbs are either first or second conjugation. In elementary school, when this topic is taught, a table helps the children learn a lesson.

However, even this visualization requires explanations, and not elementary memorization or photographic memory skills.

If the stress falls on the ending, then there are no difficulties with determining the conjugation: in the third person of the plural, the ending -out (-yut) will be for the verbs of the first conjugation, -at (-yat) - for the verbs of the second conjugation... This means that you need to put the verb in the required form: for example, go - go

, be silent - are silent

and determine by ear.

Unstressed endings require much more attention. To determine the conjugation of such verbs, it is necessary to return them to their initial form - the infinitive (that is, to lead to the answer to the question "what to do (to do)?") And designate the suffix. The rule says that all verbs with the -yit suffix will be of the second conjugation, except for the exceptions to shave, lay, stand, shake - these have the first conjugation. All other verbs will be of the first conjugation, with the exception of those listed in the "memory": drive, breathe, hold, offend, hear, see, hate, and also endure, twirl, and depend, and watch. Simple rhyming allows you to remember a number of exceptions that have a second conjugation.

There are also multi-conjugated verbs - those in which some forms are formed according to the first conjugation, and some - according to the second. This is to run (run, run, run

- run

), honor, pour and want.

In fact, tables and "memos" are nothing more than help for those who cannot understand how to correctly determine the conjugation of verbs. It is much easier to put all of them in the third person plural at once than to memorize infinitive suffixes and exceptions from the general series. [nine].