Difference between type and kind.

In terms of abstract logical concepts, it is important to correctly use and accurately use their definitions in speech. Wordstypeandtypeare sometimes mistakenly considered a synonymous pair. They are really close, but not by their semantic meaning, but by the fact that the conceptof typificationis associated with them, that is, the selection and classification of any common,speciescharacteristics.


Word type has several meanings.

First of all, it denotes a model or pattern, which corresponds to a number of objects, phenomena or actions:

The exhibition presents alltypesof airships.

With the change in working conditions in society, the typeof relations also changes.

The word type can denote a category of people united by common social, professional, moral features:

Andrey Semenovich knew people of thistype well...

Nowadays, a newtypeof the owner has appeared: pragmatic, aggressive and extremely cynical.

From the point of view of biologists, type denotes the highest subdivision in the taxonomy of animals and plants:

typegastropods;typeof conifers.

In addition, the word type indicates the characteristic physical makeup and appearance of a person associated with his ethnicity:

a man with an Asianthe typeof the person; person of the gypsytype.

The word kind in a sense close to the meaning of the wordtype,denotes a general concept that is an integral part of a generic concept:

Speciesrefers to the genus, as a part to the whole.


In the terminology of biologists , species is a classification unit of individuals with common features:

Seagull -specieswaterfowl.


These concepts certainly have common ground. They are a constituent part of the system, according to which our mental activity is organized according to a certain algorithm.

Referring an object, phenomenon, action, person or animal to any type or species, we make numerous comparisons, comparisons and exclusions, as a result of which we identify their most characteristic common features. The type defines these features based on similarity and similarity. Its meaning can be expressed by the formula: "The same as...". For example:

choleric type - the same as in choleric people;

a barrack type of building - such as a barrack;

African type - such as in Africa.

The species reveals to what extent in someone or in something there are common signs and whether their degree of expression can correspond to the formula "One of...".

For example:

stadium (one of the structures);

type of structure - building (one of the structures);

bridge (one of the structures).

The concepttypeis broader than the concepttype. But it is precisely on the basis of typification that the species characteristics become clear, by which the species belonging to animate or inanimate objects, phenomena, states and actions is determined.

Conclusions TheDifference.ru

  1. The type determines the common features of a number of objects, phenomena or actions based on their similarity and similarity.
  2. Type allows you to classify these signs in accordance with the pattern in which they appear completely.
  3. Thanks to typing, it is possible to identify the species belonging of an object or phenomenon.
  4. View is a broader concept than type. The species shows the degree of expression of the characteristics common to the species range in a single object or phenomenon.