Difference between tree and spruce.

The singer Elizaveta Ivantsiv called herself "Christmas tree", choosing such a "green" name as her stage name. "Fir-trees" was the name given to a series of New Year's celebrations organized for children in the Soviet Union. And what nuances will appear when comparing trees, a tree and a spruce?


Elka - This is an ordinary spruce, or European, a tree belonging to the genus Spruce of the Pine family.

Spruce is one of the genera of the Pine family. There are about 40 plant species.


“Christmas tree”, if you forget about the singer and a haven for New Year's gifts, in a hundred cases out of a hundred people call the common spruce tree. Common Christmas trees grow in northern Europe and at an altitude of 500 to 1600 meters on the slopes of the Alps, Pyrenees, Carpathians or Balkans. Norway spruce is an evergreen tree with a poorly developed, unstable root system. If the tree was not cut down by the New Year, then it can grow to a height of 50 meters. The crown of the tree looks like a cone. Slightly drooping branches-paws of the Christmas tree are attached to the trunk whorled or ring-shaped.

Norway spruce

The trunk of the tree is covered with gray bark. The modified leaves of the tree - needles - are attached to the branch in a spiral. They are tetrahedral, short and can “live” on their tree under favorable conditions for about six years.

Norway spruce is a monoecious plant. Pollination occurs in May. The tree produces seeds every four years. Small seeds (only 4 mm) are hidden in the axils of long cones. If the cone is ripe by the fall, then it opens and spills out the seeds only in the spring of the next calendar year.

The fir-tree is shade-tolerant, unpretentious to the quality of the soil, is a forest-forming species. Due to the relative softness of the wood, this wood is popular as a building material. Essential oils and tannins are extracted from the cones of the Christmas tree, and kidney tinctures are considered an excellent antimicrobial agent.

Spruce as a genus includes 40 plant species. Among them, the most widespread are Siberian, Eastern, White, Ayan, Glena or Canadian spruce. Spruces are common in the temperate climatic zone of Eurasia and North America.

Ate trees live on average about 300 years, but in Sweden there is a plant called "Old Tjikko", recognized as the oldest creature on Earth and living out its 9550th year. Spruce is used to make musical instruments, paper, cellulose, rosin and turpentine. A decoction from the needles of fir trees has long been considered a powerful antiscorbutic agent, and today vitamin flour for pets is made from it.

Conclusions TheDifference.ru

  1. The concept of "spruce" is more voluminous than "tree".
  2. The area of ​​distribution of firs is wider than that of fir trees.
  3. Christmas tree is a folk, folklore, household name, and spruce is a term used in botany.