In elementary school, explaining how the subject differs from the predicate, teachers often limit themselves to questions posed to these members of the sentence.
Someone subsequently rests assured that the parsing ends when they know who is doing / doing what. In this case, it is required to wipe the dust from school knowledge.
So, the main members of the sentence constitute its grammatical basis. It carries the main lexical load, and the ability to identify it allows you to correctly build phrases and place punctuation marks.
Subject - the main term of the sentence, denoting the subject.
The predicate is the main term of the sentence, which denotes the attribute of the subject expressed by the subject.
Lexical constructions can also be one-part: the grammatical base in this case will consist of one main member of the sentence.
The boy walked, the owl flew,
The roof was driving home.
In these lines there is nothing superfluous, you can ask the very defining questions: the subject is a boy, an owl and a roof (who? / What?), Predicates - walked, flew, rode (what did you do? / Did?). The primary difference is seen in them.
The difference between the subject and the predicate is the obligatory characteristic of the first - objectivity. It can be expressed not only by a noun and a pronoun, but also by other parts of speech that have the meaning of a noun. There were four (numeral) waiting for the Musketeers. Smart (adjective) will not go uphill, smart will bypass the mountain.
The predicate denotes the attributes of an object called the subject. It can be:
- action (Vasisualy Lokhankin stood on the stairs.);
- quality (These methods were not new, but very powerful.);
- state (Varvara Ptiburdukova was happy.);
- ownership (This castle is mine, and the peasants are mine.);
- generic concept (In this place the Oka is not yet a full-flowing river.).
What is the difference between subject and predicate in terms of grammar? The subject is a grammatically independent member of the sentence, used in the form of the nominative case, while the predicate depends on it and correlates with it in gender and number.
Both phrases and whole sentences can act as the subject. A predicate can consist of a verb (verb), a combination of a linking verb with a noun, a pronoun, an adverb (nominal compound), from one noun or another part of speech.
When parsing a sentence, the subject is underlined with one line, the predicate - with two.
|Indicates the subject||Indicates the attribute of the subject|
|Independent member of the sentence, stands in the nominative case||Depends on the gender and number of the subject|
|Who answers the questions? and what?||Answers the questions what does it do? what's happening? whose? what? what? and others, given to the subject|
|Underlined by one line||Underlined by two lines|