Difference between Spanish and Portuguese.

Some languages ​​are very difficult to distinguish by ear, especially if you have not tried to learn them. And there is a reasonably desire to find out - what is the difference between them, what is the difference? For example, Spanish and Portuguese, how different are they?


Portuguese - language belonging to the Indo-European family, the Romance group. The development was based on the Galician-Portuguese language.

Spanish is a language belonging to the Indo-European family, the Romance group. Born in the medieval kingdom of Castile.


Despite the great similarity, both of these languages ​​differ in their specific features. At least historically, because they had a different distribution area - the Portuguese-Galician language dominated in the far northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, while Spanish - in the Ebro valley to the Pyrenees mountains to the north. The later colonization of the north-west of the peninsula and, more importantly, the Celtic influence, led to a peculiar sound of the Portuguese language, bringing it closer to Catalan and French rather than Romanian, Spanish and Italian.

As for the languages ​​themselves, the greatest differences concern phonetics. The grammar is fundamentally similar, with rare exceptions regarding the use of tenses and articles. For example, in Spanish, analytical forms of tense characterizing duration are more common.

The vocabulary also has some specificity, despite the fact that a significant part of modern vocabulary in both Spanish and Portuguese has a common origin. Longer contact of the Spanish language with Arabic led to the emergence of Arabisms in it, while in Portuguese they were either replaced by Latinisms, or completely outdated.

Conclusions TheDifference.ru

  1. Belonging to the same group, these languages ​​have different areas of historical distribution: for Spanish, this is the valley of the Ebro River to the Pyrenees to the north, for Portuguese, the extreme north west of the Iberian Peninsula.
  2. Due to the later colonization and Celtic influence, the Portuguese language acquired a characteristic sound that distinguishes it from similar Spanish, Romanian and Italian in this respect.
  3. The main differences between these languages ​​relate to phonetics.
  4. In grammar, the differences mainly relate to the use of forms of tense and articles.
  5. The vocabulary emphasizes the greater presence of Arabicisms in Spanish, which in Portuguese have been replaced by Latinisms, or passed into the category of anachronisms.