Difference between sore throat and pharyngitis

The cold season pampers us not only with winter festivities, sledding and a New Year tree. Very often on winter days we wake up with a sore throat and stand in vain at the mirror, trying to understand: what is it - sore throat or pharyngitis?


Angina - it is an infectious disease of the body, in which not only the mucous membrane of the pharynx and tonsils is affected, but also the connective tissue, heart, joints. The causative agent of sore throat can be staphylococcus, but most often it is hemolytic streptococcus, which produces toxins that enter the bloodstream. Naturally, when an infection is recognized, antibodies are produced in the body, the action of which is aimed at fighting the infection. In the case of incorrect treatment of angina or its absence, antibodies will successfully destroy connective tissue, joint tissues and heart muscle. Angina is characterized by sore throat when swallowing, aggravated in the second half of the day, enlarged submandibular lymph nodes, plaque on the tonsils, high fever, weakness, and malaise.

Pharyngitis is an inflammatory process of the pharyngeal mucosa. Most often, this disease is caused by viruses, proceeds without complications and occurs in a chronic form in 80% of the population. The body temperature with pharyngitis does not rise above 37.5 degrees, and the most painful moment appears in the morning, after waking up, when it is impossible to swallow saliva from a sore throat. When swallowing food, as a rule, the patient does not experience discomfort. You can relieve the condition with pharyngitis by drinking warm tea with honey or raspberries. The general condition with pharyngitis does not suffer, unlike angina, it is quite possible to cure it with folk remedies.


So, angina is an acute infectious disease that is caused by damage to the tonsils and is fraught with serious complications. The inflammatory process in angina can spread to the pharyngeal mucosa and to other accumulations of lymphoid tissue, in particular to the lingual, laryngeal and nasopharyngeal tonsils. Pharyngitis is an acute or chronic inflammation that is localized mainly on the pharyngeal mucosa. Pharyngitis rarely occurs in its pure form, very often diseases of the upper respiratory tract join the sore throat. The main difference between these two diseases is the localization of the process.

Conclusions TheDifference.ru

  1. Angina is an inflammation of the tonsils, pharyngitis affects the mucous membrane of the pharynx.
  2. Angina is mainly caused by bacterial infection, pharyngitis is caused by viral infection.
  3. Sore throat with angina is more typical for the second half of the day, with pharyngitis, the throat often hurts in the morning.
  4. If you suspect you have a sore throat, you should immediately call a doctor. Pharyngitis can be dealt with with folk methods.
  5. The characteristic signs of angina are tonsil deposits and enlargement of the submandibular lymph nodes. With pharyngitis, hyperemia of the pharyngeal mucosa is pronounced.