Performing any, even simple work, requires skill and dexterity. They come with experience and improvement of the necessary skills. The distinction between skills and abilities reflects the degree of mastery of specific actions necessary to cope with a given task.
Skill - realization of the ability to meaningfully perform any work that requires theoretical knowledge and practical skills.
Skill is a combination of stereotyped physical actions and mental operations that are performed in the necessary sequence as part of a certain type of work.
Skills are developed as a result of repeated repetition of sequential operations, which are fixed in memory at the tactile and muscular levels. Over time, their execution becomes automatic and does not require additional fixation of attention.
For example, reading skills consist in the ability to recognize linguistic symbols, to reproduce aloud or silently the words consisting of them, to combine minimal fragments of text into sentences, phrases or statements, and to understand the meaning of what was read. A person with such skills does not need to reproduce the entire alphabet in memory every time, remember the meaning of each word and think about the correct stress. In his direct experience, an algorithm for coordinated actions related to the reading technique has already been formed.
Skill is a more complex concept. It combines the ability to perform physical, mental, and creative work with high quality, with maximum efficiency, and to accurately find ways of action for this fixed by personal or professional experience. Skill is made up of a number of acquired and learned skills.
To be able to read means not only to master the technique of reading, but also to perceive complex forms of expression of the author's thought, to understand metaphorical images and allegories, to interpret the content in accordance with its idea.
If an action becomes a skill, it becomes not a goal, but a way of doing the work. Skill characterizes the quality of this performance.
- A skill is fixed in consciousness and automatically performed by an action. Skill is a series of actions performed in a certain way that lead to a high-quality work result.
- A skill is acquired by repeated repetition of any operations. Skill is formed as a stable combination of a conscious goal of action and the use of skills necessary to achieve it.
- Skill is the initial stage of mastering physical exercises, labor actions and ways of thinking. Skill is a higher level of performing actions aimed at the implementation of multilevel tasks of a professional, intellectual or creative plan.
- The acquired skill does not require concentration. Skill assumes constant switching of attention from one type of performed actions to another.
- Skills are an integral part of skills. Skill can be viewed as a generalized concept in relation to skills.