Difference between salmon and salmon

Salmon and salmon are traditionally considered the names of the same fish. But this is not entirely correct. What is the reason for this?

What kind of fish is salmon?

Salmon is the collective name for several biological genera of fish belonging to the salmon family. Which, in turn, are represented by a large number of species. Thus, there are a lot of "salmon". Biologists distinguish 2 largest genera of these fish:

  • Pacific salmon;
  • real salmon.

The first are usually referred to as pink salmon, chum salmon, sockeye salmon, chinook salmon. The second group includes various types of trout, as well as salmon.

Salmon fish are found mainly in the Atlantic, Pacific Ocean and rivers of the Northern Hemisphere. The largest salmon spawning grounds are located in Russia, mainly in the Far East.

It is the salmon that is considered to be the “classic” reference salmon. What this is connected with - we will consider further.

What is a salmon?

Salmon is the most common name for Atlantic salmon in Russia. He is also called "noble". Perhaps this is due to the fact that salmon has long been considered a delicacy in Russia, as well as its caviar. Thus, this fish is recognized as the best salmon from a gastronomic point of view.

Salmon lives mainly in the northern territories of the Atlantic. During the spawning season, fish swims into European rivers - including those that flow into the sea in the regions near the Kola Peninsula in the Russian Federation, as well as several hundred kilometers east of it. For example, salmon spawns in the Northern Dvina, Pechora, in the rivers flowing into them. There are also lacustrine fish species. In the Russian Federation, they live mainly in Karelia.

Salmon is very actively grown in fish farms. True, in Russia this type of activity is complicated by climatic conditions. The fact is that for Atlantic salmon, the warm waters of the Gulf Stream, as well as the Atlantic itself, are more familiar than the cooler waters of the Russian northern waters - in the Kola Peninsula, in the Barents Sea, in artificial reservoirs of those regions. Therefore, in the Russian Federation, salmon grows, as a rule, more slowly and gains less weight than, for example, Norwegian fish.

It turns out that the Atlantic salmon in Russia is largely imported. The Faroe Islands are now among its main suppliers. But, of course, the domestic market for salmon supplies is also sufficiently developed.


The main difference between salmon and salmon is that the first term actually simultaneously corresponds to a family and several genera of fish, the second - to a specific species. Unofficially, salmon is called salmon - and this is permissible from the point of view of the biological classification of fish. In turn, it is incorrect to call any salmon salmon, even if we are talking about the same kind of fish.

Having determined what is the difference between salmon and salmon, let us fix the conclusions in the table.


Salmon Salmon
What do they have in common?
Salmon is a species of fish belonging to the genus of true salmon
What is the difference between them?
Salmon is the name of several genera of fish of the salmon familySalmon is a specific species of fish of the genus of true salmon of the salmon family
Depending on the kind of fish, salmon habitats can be located in the Atlantic, in the Pacific Ocean, in the rivers of Europe and many other regions of the worldSalmon lives mainly in the north of the Atlantic, in northern European rivers, lakes