Lilies are among the most beautiful flowers on earth. In the cultures of many peoples, they have become a symbol of royalty, nobility and an unsullied reputation. The flowers of daylilies have an outward resemblance to lilies, therefore, flower growers are actively interested in the possibility of their crossing and differences in the conditions of their maintenance.
Lilia - it is a plant of the Liliaceae family, belonging to the monocotyledonous class. Lilies are perennial grasses with bulbs and characteristic flowers. One of the most famous representatives of the family is Snow White Lily.
Daylilies are plants of the Xantorreidae family, belonging to the Monocotyledonous class. Daylilies are perennial herbaceous plants with developed rhizomes. A typical representative of the family is the yellow daylily.
Lilies grow naturally in the Northern Hemisphere within the subtropical and southern temperate zone. 110 species of these plants are found in Eurasia and only 10 in North America. Daylilies grow wild only in the temperate and subtropical climatic zone of Eurasia.
The lily has a stem that grows from the bottom of the bulb. Leaves are attached to it, spirally or annularly. A bud is formed at the junction of the stem with the last lower leaf. As it develops, it becomes a bulb that gives a stem the next year. A lily planted from a seed produces a bulb. It takes three to seven years for it to sprout a flower-bearing stem.
Lily has a large perianth, consisting of six loose, unbound petals. Their ends are gracefully folded back. At the base of the flower is glandular tissue. It is sweet and therefore attracts pollinating insects. Anthers are attached to thin legs and protrude beyond the flower. The ovary is a dense column with a thick three-lobed stigma. In the ovary, and later in the box fruit, there are many flat seeds covered with a pale brown skin.
Daylilies have a developed root system that forms stolons - thickened tuberous stores of nutrients and organs of vegetative reproduction. The peduncle stem of the plant has a height of 30 to 100 cm. Large leaves are attached to it, located in pairs. At the top of the peduncle there is an inflorescence of 2-10 flowers. The flowers have six petals forming a funnel. Certain types of daylilies bloom at night. The fruit crystallizes from the ovary - a triangular capsule, which contains several black shiny seeds.
Lilies require an average daily temperature of at least 10 ° C for their development. They need adequate lighting, but cannot tolerate direct sunlight. They require regular watering, which stops after the end of the flowering period. Propagated by bulbs. Excessive moisture can cause the bulbs to rot. Lilies can grow for a long time in one place, if you provide them with moderate watering and regular application of liquid fertilizers.
Daylilies are unpretentious, their growing season begins at an average daily temperature of over 4 ° C. They are sun-loving, but shade-tolerant. Due to the developed root system, plants are able to provide themselves with moisture and minerals. But they will grow better if you feed them regularly. Daylilies are propagated by dividing the bush.
- Lily and daylily are representatives of different families of the same class.
- Lily grows naturally in Eurasia and North America, daylily - only in Eurasia.
- Daylilies are more resilient and undemanding to care for than lilies.
- It is convenient to propagate lilies by bulbs, and daylilies - by dividing the bush.