Difference between leather and eco leather.

What is not only produced from leather: clothes, shoes, furniture, jewelry, souvenirs. But genuine leather products also have opponents, such as animal rights activists who advocate the use of artificial leather. Unfortunately, it does not have many of the properties inherent in natural, but it attracts with its cheapness. More recently, a new material has appeared on the market, called eco-leather, which outwardly is easy to confuse with natural. Let's try to consider the differences between genuine leather and eco-leather.


Ecological leather, or in abbreviated form, eco-leather, is made as follows: a special material is applied to the woven surface - a polyurethane film. Since this film does not emit any harmful substances during operation, the material received the prefix "eco" as environmentally friendly. The technology for making eco-leather is such that when a polyurethane layer is applied, the cotton substrate is not deformed in any way, which gives eco-leather a number of additional properties, for example, elasticity. Also, thanks to micropores, eco-fabric is air-permeable, that is, it “breathes” like a fabric made of natural fibers.

Genuine leather is a specially treated animal hide. Since the skin is not uniform and often has irregularities, scars, this is reflected in the leather product, which is subsequently obtained from this skin. The transformation of the hide into high-quality leather material is as follows: first, the hide is soaked to get rid of dirt, salt and grease; the next stage is cindering, or removal of hair and epidermis; tanning and finally dyeing and chemical treatment.


Very often, many people take products made of eco-leather for leather. The thing is that outwardly eco-leather often repeats the pattern of the skin, only without flaws. Eco-leather is wear-resistant, which makes it a "profitable purchase", but, nevertheless, if the eco-leather is subjected to such mechanical influences as cuts, the backing tissue will enter through the hole. This moment can spoil the appearance of the product, and such a defect is difficult to eliminate. Eco-leather is absolutely insensitive to high and low temperatures. Even in freezing temperatures of minus thirty, a product made of this material will remain soft and not "hardened". It is hygroscopic, that is, it is able to absorb moisture from the air, just like natural leather. Good breathability of eco-leather allows products made from it to retain their original shape for a long time. This material is absolutely hypoallergenic. Ecological leather is convenient for production, as it is easily glued and sewn, besides, from even pieces of this material you can make a thing of absolutely any shape and configuration.

Leather has many properties for which people valued it back in the Stone Age. For example, excellent resistance to temperature changes, breathability. Alas, the quality of the skin largely depends on the life of the animal. Since the skin of an animal is often exposed to external influences, this cannot but affect its appearance. Therefore, natural leather often has inaccuracies, which, however, can be eliminated with proper processing. Many leather products have a specific smell, which in general is a sign of "naturalness", but can cause allergies. The skin is elastic, durable, and can withstand even heavy loads. If the skin has undergone negative external influences, this is easily removable, since now there are a huge variety of methods for gluing and dyeing leather.


Although eco-leather has many of the properties of natural leather, caring for it is quite simple. In case of contamination, it is enough to rub the surface first with a damp and then with a dry cloth. For severe contamination, you can use ammonia. Many natural leather cleaners are quite applicable to eco-leather. Heat treatment and cleaning with chlorine bleach is not recommended.

Skin must be carefully looked after. To prevent it from losing color, do not store a leather product in a plastic bag. You can get rid of the smell by sprinkling the leather thing with ground coffee. Leather items adjust to the features of the figure, so that the leather item returns to its original shape, you need to give it a “rest”. You can dry leather items only at room temperature, after having straightened them. The assortment of natural leather care products is huge, by carefully reading the instructions, you can easily choose exactly what is suitable for your item. Just remember to try the wrong side first.

Conclusions TheDifference.ru

  1. Genuine leather is a material made from animal skins. Eco-leather is a fabric with a specially applied polyurethane film.
  2. Natural leather is more hygroscopic, but eco-leather is more breathable.
  3. Eco-leather is hypoallergenic, and a person may be allergic to leather products.
  4. Eco-leather is more comfortable to manufacture.
  5. It is easier to care for eco-leather than for leather.