The discussion of how a person differs from an animal will never end. The adherents of the evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin will find a dozen signs proving the time-stretched transformation of a randomly glued clump of protein matter into a modern Homo sapiens. The proponents of theosophical or cosmic theory will find a dozen characteristics that prove the impossibility of the origin of such a complexly organized creature like man from a monkey. Let's compare Homo sapiens and other animals below.
Homo sapiens, he Homo Sapiens belongs to the Hominid family and is the only living representative of the Human clan. The appearance of specimens, which can be conventionally called people, is dated to the Miocene.
Homo sapiens in the process of evolution acquired its own set of morphological and anatomical features. Normal Homo Sapiens have a large head, with average height ranging from 164 cm for women to 175 cm for men. The average weight of an adult varies from 50 kg for women to 80 kg for men. A unique characteristic of the Human family is the ability to move on 2 limbs and the ability to run, and not just jump, in this position.
The body of a modern man has lost its thick hair, except for some places and vegetation on the head, face, chest in men. Even the hair that remains is devoid of undercoat, so they cannot be called fur. Only hominid skin is able to change color under the influence of the sun and synthesize vitamin D. The entire genus of Humans has a pronounced sexual dimorphism, both external and internal signs.
The level of development of the circulatory, nervous, excretory, digestive, endocrine, reproductive, respiratory and musculoskeletal systems of man is the highest in the entire kingdom of Animals.
The readiness for reproduction in humans is possible from the age of 11. And a woman, unlike female primates, can become pregnant throughout the year. Usually, people have one child who, for the first few years of their life, needs the vigilant care and attention of their parents. They deliberately pass on their experience and known information to their offspring, teaching the child.
Man is a typical heterotroph, which is everything - plants, fungi and animals. It has long used fire to process food.
A feature of Homo Sapiens is the presence of meaningful speech and a developed brain. The average person is a social being whose behavior is influenced by biological and social factors. People are able to drown out instincts. For example, sexual intercourse among monks, self-preservation among suicides or those who sacrifice their lives, like Alexander Matrosov. A person is capable of abstract thinking, creating objects of labor and art samples.
Animals are a whole kingdom consisting of 35 Types. Within this taxon, all living organisms are reduced, which are distinguished by heterotrophy, the ability to actively move and feed naked. Examples of representatives of the Animal Kingdom are tiger and snail, worm and crab, penguin and dolphin.
- Man has a number of anatomical and morphological features that allowed him to be distinguished into a separate genus of People.
- Man has his own, different from other representatives of the Animal Kingdom, a set of chromosomes.
- The number of representatives of the Animal Kingdom is millions of times greater than the number of representatives of Homo sapiens.
- A person differs from his “colleagues” in the taxon by the presence of speech and the ability to create objects of material and non-material culture.
- A person transfers the experience of the whole race to his descendants in the form of targeted learning.
- Only people bury their loved ones, but they can kill their own kind for fun, which no animal will allow itself.