Difference between genitive and accusative.

Changing the endings of parts of speech that have a case category makes it possible to use the necessary forms of words for communication in a sentence. Accuracy and literacy of speech depends on the ability to correctly use words in the right case. Distinguishing genitive from accusative is not difficult if you know what each of them serves.

Genitive case:

  • indicates that the subject of speech belongs to someone or something (the nest of the oriole; advice of a friend; city streets);
  • reflects the ratio of part and whole (a cup of tea; a loaf of bread; a lock of hair);
  • is used if there is a comparison without indicating the subject of comparison (harder than steel, softer than silk, colder than ice);
  • indicates a connection with the verb that is used with the particle not (do not be afraid of the dark; do not see the horizon, do not love your neighbor);
  • indicates a connection with a verb denoting desire or intention (wanting good; wish good luck, shirking responsibility).

In each of these cases, the genitive nouns are dependent words. From the main questions to them, you can ask: there is no one? or not what?

Accusative case means:

  • an action directed at the subject of speech (read a book; pet a dog, eat a sandwich);
  • spatial and temporal relationships (overcome the obstacle; take the barrier; work for a week).

From the main word to the noun in the accusative case, you can ask the questions: see whom? or see what?

Conclusions TheDifference.ru

  1. Inanimate nouns have different endings and answer the question (no) what? in the genitive case, (see) what? in the accusative case. For example: I can do without (what?) An umbrella. (R. p.) I will plant (what?) A tree. (V. p.)
  2. The endings of animate nouns in the genitive and accusative cases may coincide. Distinguish between cases in this case should be within the meaning of the sentence. For example: I can't do without my father's help. (who? an auxiliary question: no one? - RP) We remember our father as young and energetic. (who? I see who? - VP)
  3. The case of unchangeable nouns is also determined by context. For example: I want to buy a new coat. (who? what? - VP) The cage was without a kangaroo. (who? what? - RP)
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