Moisturizers are the simplest and most popular skin care products. Also recently, the so-called emulsions are in special demand among women. How do they differ from a regular cream and are they suitable for daily use? Let's try to understand this issue.
Emulsion - a drug in which small droplets of one liquid are distributed in another liquid.
Cream - a cosmetic product for skin care, created on a fat basis with the addition of medicinal substances, oils and vitamins.
All creams are based on fats and water. As a rule, the function of fats is performed by various vegetable oils, lanolin, wax or mineral compounds. This base is complemented by all sorts of medicinal components (hormones, vitamins) and aromatic components (fragrances, essential oils). Emulsions differ from creams only in the presence of emulsifiers - substances that facilitate the mixing of oil and water, which are in an ordinary cream in an unmixed state. They are better absorbed and are able to penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin. Many creams, in fact, can be called emulsions, while an emulsion cannot be called a cream.
There are two types of emulsions - water in oil or oil in water. In the first formulations, the oil serves as a dispersed medium - water is distributed in it. These are protective and oily nourishing creams, as well as cosmetic masks. In the second case, the dispersed medium is water, and the fat, in turn, is evenly distributed in it. These are cosmetic milk, moisturizing creams, gel creams.
The word "cream" - originally of English origin - can be translated as "cream". The first cream really looked very much like heavy cream. It was composed of whale oil, almond oil, wax and water. Creams are now the most common formulation used to moisturize and soften the skin. They include all kinds of medicinal substances, vitamins, and sometimes essential oils.
- The emulsion contains an emulsifier - a substance that promotes mixing of oil and water. In the cream, however, these components are in an unmixed state.
- The emulsion is better absorbed and is able to penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin.
- Many creams are emulsions; an emulsion cannot be called a cream.