Difference between electric guitar and acoustic guitar

Electric guitar and acoustic guitar are variations of the same instrument. But each of them has its own device, they are characterized by special techniques of the game and other points, which are described below.

Some information

The term " electric guitar" is derived from the words "electric guitar", since the sound of such an instrument is associated with the use of special equipment... Guitars of this type first hit the mass market in 1931. At that time, aluminum served as the material for their manufacture, due to which the musicians jokingly called the instruments "frying pans". Now these guitars are made mainly of wood: alder, maple, rosewood and other species.

Electric guitar

Acoustic guitar is an instrument that can be played without using electricity. This is due to the special structure of the hull. The acoustic guitar finds its application in the performance of works of such genres as the author's, gypsy song and others.

Acoustic guitar


Reinforcing the sound

As you play the sound, the strings vibrate on each instrument. But the sound would be too quiet without amplification, which is done differently on electric and acoustic guitars. The electric guitar is equipped with pickups that pick up the vibrations of the strings and transmit them to the amplifier. As a result, the reproduced sound is quite powerful.

The mechanism of an acoustic guitar is much simpler. In this case, no accessory equipment is required, since the instrument body itself contributes to a loud sound. If the body of an electric guitar is flat and does not have a resonator, then in the acoustics it is voluminous and hollow inside, and on its front there is a round hole called a socket. The vibration from the strings passes through the socket and returns in a multi-amplified sound.

Nature of the sound

Comparing the instruments from this position, you will notice that the sound of an electric guitar has a metallic color. However, the sound is very clear, and you can freely control its volume using the combo amplifier. Acoustic guitar "sings" warmer, more natural, but, by the way, it is a little more difficult to clamp the strings on it.


The ability to experiment with sound is an important difference between an electric guitar and an acoustic guitar. Playing the latter is extremely clear and simple, while in the arsenal of an electric guitar there is a whole range of different devices for changing the sound: processors, special switches, levers on the body, and more.

With these additions, you can control the timbre and volume of the sound, apply amazing effects to it. Such functionality can be a little confusing for a beginner, but further mastering of the tool becomes an extremely exciting experience.

Number of Frets

The neck of any guitar is divided into frets. The electric version of the instrument contains more of them - up to 27. This is explained by the ability to make the neck of such a guitar longer. It is also important that this part (neck) of an electric guitar is noticeably narrower, which allows you to reach with your fingers to the extreme thresholds on the bass strings.

In addition, access to the far frets is facilitated by the design of the body of the electric guitar - its flat shape and the presence of a round cutout. Acoustic guitars can also have a notch at the base of the neck, but the wide and voluminous body still makes it difficult to play on frets that are close to the outlet.

Techniques of playing

Consider the difference between an electric guitar and an acoustic guitar in relation to the technique of sound extraction. The differences are significant. Firstly, it is customary to play the electric guitar mainly with a pick. Acoustics, on the other hand, allows the use of both picking and finger techniques, the latter being used much more often.


Second, some sound effects are triggered differently on each instrument. For example, vibrato on an electric guitar can be played with finger motions, while on an acoustic guitar it is necessary to use the entire hand. There are also techniques that can only be performed on an electric guitar.


The quality of the electric guitar does not differ. Transporting it along with the supplied equipment is quite problematic. And if necessary, there must be a power source at the delivery point. Due to these factors, it is preferable to use the instrument for playing in the studio. During performances on stage, it takes a certain amount of time to set up the equipment.

You can take an acoustic guitar with you wherever you go, for example, for a picnic or for a visit. Naturally, you should not forget about the protection of the tool from adverse weather conditions.


Electric Guitar Acoustic Guitar
Sound amplifier requiredHas resonator
Metallic, clear soundSounds warmer, more natural
Many effectsEase of play
More fretsLess frets
Playing mainly by mediatorFinger technique prevails
Transport is problematicMobility