Difference between damask and damascus.

Damascus and Damascus are considered to be the most durable types of metals. What are their features?

What is damask steel?

Bulat is actually a composite material. As a rule, it consists of:

  1. mild steel grades;
  2. additives from steel with a high carbon content, and in some cases - cast iron.

This combination of metals gives the damask steel unique properties. On the one hand, products made of the corresponding material are very hard, on the other, elastic. A damask saber can be easily bent at a right angle, and it will not break.

On the basis of damask steel products can be produced from patterned steel. They are characterized by extremely high strength and excellent aesthetic properties.

What is Damascus?

Damascus is also a composite material. It is represented, as a rule, by 2 or 3 grades of steel, differing in the percentage of carbon. Damascus products are produced by sequential forging with alternating use of different grades of steel.

As a rule, there are significantly more hard grades of steel in the Damascus structure than those that are soft. The types of metal involved in the forging of the product, the total number of forging queues, as well as the specific forging technology determine the appearance of the manufactured item: a special pattern is formed on it.

Traditional Damascus requires special storage conditions, since the corresponding type of material is quite sensitive to temperature extremes and corrosion. But modern modifications of this metal, as a rule, contain special additives that significantly increase the resistance of products to the effects of various external factors.


The main difference between Damascus and Damascus is that the basis of the first material is soft steel grades, and the basis of the second material is mainly hard. Both types of metals can be classified as composites. Experts also classify them as patterned - for the reason that the combination of different types of steel when forging damask and damascus in most cases forms unique patterns on the surface of products made of these metals.

Having determined what the difference between Damascus and Damascus is in principle, let us fix the conclusions in the table.


Bulat Damascus
What do they have in common?
Bulat and Damascus are patterned types of metals, often classified as composite
difference between them?
Made from mild steelMade from hard steel