Modern medicine does not stand still and finds methods and ways of treating various diseases. Meanwhile, they are not getting smaller, on the contrary, over time, more and more new types of diseases appear. It is clear that it is very difficult for an ordinary person to understand their classification, for example, in what different neoplasms differ from each other. They cause a lot of trouble for a modern person, so today we will try to clarify what is the difference between a cyst and a tumor.
Cyst - it is a small liquid capsule. It is formed as a result of various pathological processes and consists of a cavity, walls and fluid. Cysts are of various origins, sizes, pathogenesis and location. Some of them are congenital, they are formed during embryogenesis as a result of improper tissue laying. There are false cysts, which differ in that they do not have an independent wall. A cyst can be located in internal organs, glands, bones, and even in the brain.
A tumor is a pathological formation that appears as a result of a process in which new cells with uncontrolled growth are formed in the body. It can be malignant or benign. Tumors differ among themselves, the main differences are in the maturity of cells, in the nature of their growth, in the effect on other organs and the body as a whole, as well as in the ability to metastasize. Like a cyst, a tumor can form in any tissues and organs of the human body.
The difference between a cyst and a tumor is that the first is formed from differentiated tissue - it is possible to determine to which organ the cells of the cyst walls belong. A tumor, regardless of its type, consists of cells that are alien, uncharacteristic for the body. In addition, in the process of growth, it can put pressure on the adjacent tissue, which is why unpleasant pain sensations can occur in the diseased organ, and sometimes bleeding, threatening human health and life. Malignant tumors have the ability to destroy adjacent tissues and metastasize to other organs. If such a tumor is not removed in a timely manner, then it begins to gradually "conquer" the body and can lead to a fatal outcome.
- A cyst is a cavity with a liquid content, surrounded by a shell. A tumor is a pathological growth, represented by newly formed tissue.
- The cyst does not grow into other organs and tissues, the tumor can grow and metastasize.
- A cyst is always a benign formation, a tumor may be malignant.
- The cyst can twist and rupture, and is most often small. The tumor can grow to enormous size.
- A cyst is dangerous for the body due to its complications, a tumor - by its invasion into other organs and destruction of surrounding tissues.