Difference between cyst and cystoma.

The female body is a complex system that can maintain a new life in itself for nine whole months. But if suddenly it fails, then even the most experienced doctors can grab their heads. Today we will look at how a cyst differs from an ovarian cyst. Both of these formations are quite common in women of reproductive age


A cyst is a small bladder that forms due to the retention of fluid or secretion in one of the cavities. The cyst does not cause hormonal disruption in the body and does not provoke rapid cell growth. A cyst is not a true ovarian tumor.

A cystoma is a true tumor of the ovary, it is characterized by the presence of a cavity filled with fluid. It can be either primary (that is, formed from the ovary itself) or secondary (formed as a result of metastases). Also, cystomas are divided into benign, malignant and proliferating.


Ovarian cysts are most often formed from maturing follicles. In the overwhelming case, they are not dangerous for the woman's body. They do not require any special treatment and disappear by themselves after a few menstrual cycles. A cyst differs from a cyst in that it has an epithelial membrane and produces its own secret, moreover, it is able to grow and sometimes reaches quite impressive sizes. The cyst membrane, in turn, consists of connective tissue. Therefore, the cysts do not grow, but simply stretch under the pressure of the accumulating fluid. Therefore, ordinary cysts are small in size, except for teratoma (a single-chamber cyst filled with fat and hair), which can be quite voluminous.

Most often, small cysts and cystomas do not manifest themselves in any way and reveal themselves exclusively on a routine examination during an ultrasound scan. Sometimes a woman may have a dull pain in the lower abdomen, there may be a tendency to constipation or frequent urination. With large cystomas, ascites and asymmetric enlargement of the abdomen occur. The cyst is dangerous because of its complications, it can rupture and cause bleeding or twisted.

Conclusions TheDifference.ru

  1. A cyst is a benign formation, a cystoma is considered to be potentially malignant due to its ability to invade.
  2. Cysts can expand and compress surrounding tissues; they do not metastasize to other organs and tissues. Cystomas invade and destroy other tissues.
  3. Cysts grow slowly due to the increase in fluid volume, they are small in size. Cystomas grow rapidly and reach a fairly large size.
  4. Cysts can rupture and twist; in cysts, this is extremely rare.