Sports and rhythmic gymnastics are among the most widespread modern types of gymnastics. What are their features?
What is artistic gymnastics?
This type of gymnastics involves the performance of various exercises by athletes on gymnastic apparatus. Such as, for example, beams, logs, rings, crossbars. Various devices for vaults and floor exercises can also be used. In some cases, the performances of athletes within the framework of the relevant discipline are accompanied by music - for example, in floor exercises.
In fact artistic gymnastics is one of the oldest sports. Historians have found that the first gymnastic exercises appeared even before the Olympic Games in Ancient Greece.
In its modern form, the main disciplines that are included in artistic gymnastics became known at the end of the 19th century. In 1881, the International Gymnastics Federation was formed. In 1896, this sport was included in the Olympics program. Since 1903, the world championships in artistic gymnastics have been held.
The considered sport was actively developing in the USSR, and then in modern Russia. Since the late 1920s, the national gymnastics championships of the Soviet Union have been held. Her various exercises were included in school physical education programs. Sportsmen of the USSR and Russia became multiple winners of international gymnastics competitions.
Winners in competitions in this kind of sport are determined by judges on the basis of both objective and subjective criteria for evaluating the performances of athletes.
The judges in this case work in 2 groups. Those that belong to the first assess the complexity of the gymnastic exercise performed by the athlete. Usually these are 2 specialists. The judges from the second group look at the technique, as well as the quality of the exercises. There are usually 6 such specialists in the judging panel.
On the basis of the given marks in both groups of judges, the total score for the gymnast is formed. At the same time, specialists belonging to the 1st group give a single assessment. Those judges who work in the 2nd brigade give independent points, the best and worst of which are not taken into account, and on the basis of other marks, an average point is given.
If we talk about the team championship, the marks received by individual athletes are summed up. At the same time, not all the results shown by the gymnasts may be taken into account. So, for example, at the qualifying stages of the Olympics, as a rule, 5 athletes compete, while the 4 highest marks are taken into account. In the final stages, in turn, there are 3 athletes, and all their marks are taken into account when calculating the final score. In total, 6 athletes can participate in the Olympic gymnastics team.
Performances in rhythmic gymnastics are evaluated by 3 groups of judges.
The first is responsible for assigning points for the difficulty of the exercises performed. At the same time, within the framework of this brigade, 2 subgroups of judges are distinguished - the one that assesses the actual technique of execution, as well as the one that evaluates the technique of handling the athlete with the object. Subsequently, according to the points given by the judges of the first group, the arithmetic mean is calculated.
The second panel of judges evaluates the athletes' artistry and choreography. The third group of experts evaluates the performance. At the same time, they can reduce points in the event of gymnasts' mistakes.
All marks given by 1, 2 and 3 by the group of judges are summed up and determine the final score of the gymnast in the performance.
There is, of course, more than one difference between artistic gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics. The difference between the sports in question can be traced in many ways.
Artistic gymnastics involves the performance of exercises mainly with the use of various apparatus and devices. Artistic performances are held with the use of graceful and light objects in accordance with the choreographic program. But it should be noted that many exercises in artistic gymnastics are accompanied by music.
The principles of assessing the performance of gymnasts in competitions are different. In the first discipline, in particular, artistry and choreography do not play a significant role.
Artistic gymnastics is the oldest sport. Art is a relatively young discipline.
Artistic gymnastics is popular among both men and women. In the artistic field, the bulk of the athletes are ladies.
In artistic gymnastics, the strength component is significant. In the artistic aspect, the athlete's flexibility and dexterity are more important.
Having determined what is the difference between artistic and rhythmic gymnastics, we will reflect the conclusions in the table.
|Artistic gymnastics||Rhythmic gymnastics|
|It involves performing exercises on apparatus and devices, sometimes to music||It involves performing choreographic exercises with light and graceful objects, almost always to music|
|2 groups of judges give marks to gymnasts: the first gives points for technique, the second - for the quality of exercises||The gymnasts are given marks by 3 groups of judges: the first gives points for the complexity of the exercises, the second - for artistry, the third - for execution|
|Is one of the oldest sports||In its modern form it appeared in the 40s of the 20th century|
|Popular among men and women||Popular mainly among women|
|In artistic gymnastics, the strength component is very important||th, flexibility and agility|