Analysis and evaluation are applied in many areas of activity. No scientific research can do without them. How do these important concepts differ from each other? Let's try to figure it out.
Analysis - the opposite method to synthesis, consisting in the mental or real division of the whole, complex into simple elements; comprehensive, detailed consideration, study of a fact, incident or phenomenon.
Assessment is the process of establishing the significance of an action, object or phenomenon, determining its parameters in a qualitative and quantitative sense.
Any scientific research begins with analysis. Any object or process is subdivided into simple elements, which allows a comprehensive study of its essence. Knowing the parts, we also learn the whole. Analysis can be, for example, mathematical, chemical, financial, grammatical, medical. The analysis allows us to draw a general conclusion from particular conclusions.
Analysis precedes estimation. Evaluation is the logical next step after analysis. Evaluation helps to establish the significance of the phenomenon, its compliance with certain norms. The assessment is made on qualitative (good, bad, profitable, unprofitable) and quantitative (according to a certain scale) parameters. Thanks to the assessment, the concept of the characteristics of the object is formed. After a comprehensive assessment, a decision is usually made. Evaluation allows you to compare several analyzed objects with each other. Also, based on the data from one analysis, several different estimates can be made. Evaluation is usually easier to understand, but it is usually relative, expresses someone's subjective opinion. For example, in medicine, based on analyzes made by a laboratory assistant, several doctors can make diagnoses, and the conclusions of specialists will most likely differ from each other.
- Assessment is the final stage of the analysis, which usually leads to a decision.
- Analysis checks an object or phenomenon for compliance with certain parameters, the assessment draws conclusions from the results obtained.
- Analysis is the most objective phenomenon, assessment is subjective, relative, variable in time. On the basis of one and the same analysis, different assessments of the situation can be given, and conclusions differing from each other can be drawn.
- Evaluation allows you to compare several analyzed objects with each other.