Come or come - how is it right?.

"Behold at the root!" - called Kozma Prutkov, hardly assuming that he gives us a direct hint in choosing the correct spelling of the word "come". The difficulty of this choice lies in the fact that the verbal series, which includes lexically related to the meaning of the verb “to come” word forms go, go, go, left, walked, is formed from different stems, in which it is not so easy to distinguish the root core.

Morphemic and derivational analysis shows that in this series the common significant part of words is graphically indicated by one letter --and-, which, moreover, can be omitted, as it happens in wordsleft, walking, or have a short form -th-in wordscome, go.

Such a phenomenon is not uncommon in the Old Church Slavonic language, to which the verb go ascends. He and some other verbs of this series are formed from the root -and-using the infix -d-and verb suffixes -ty-, -l-, -sh-:

and-d-ti, do-y-d-eat.

In the prefixed verbs of this row, the root–-becomes a short form:

so-ti, go-y-t, u-y-t, pri-y-t.

It is important that the infix cannot precede the root, that is, occupy the space between the prefix and the root, so there is simply no reason to write a verb in the form of “come”.

Nevertheless, this form is found in literary texts up to the first half of the XX century and has been preserved in colloquial speech as an alternative version of the accepted pronunciation norm. This is due to complex linguistic processes, the dynamics of which sometimes lead to results that are difficult to explain.

According to the "Rules of Russian Spelling and Punctuation" approved by the Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Education in 1956, the normative form of the perfective verb "come" is its use in oral and written speech with a short root consonantth,in contrast to the outdated form of “come” using the infix–д- and the loss of the root vowel sound.

The form “come” is recorded in the “Spelling Dictionary of the Russian Language with the Appendix of Spelling Rules”, published in 1956 under the editorship of S. Ozhegov and A. Shapiro. determined that the difference between the verbs “come” and “come” is as follows:

  1. The spelling of the word “come” obeys modern rules of Russian spelling. The form "come" is outdated and is not used in modern language.
  2. The morphemic analysis of the verb “come” does not reveal violations of the principles of the formation of new forms of the word, operating in the Russian language. In the obsolete form of the verb “come”, the infix–д-occupies an atypical place for this part of the word between the prefix and the root.
  3. The word “come” is the correct form for the regulatory requirements for speaking and writing. The spelling and pronunciation of the word “come” does not correspond to the spelling and pronunciation of the modern Russian language.