Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana or PMKSY is a government scheme introduced on 1st July 2015 in order to improvise the farming market of nature. The scheme aimed at better productivity from rural farming by utilizing necessary resources in a proper manner. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs took up this scheme under the leadership of our honorable Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. A budget of 500 billion INR was drawn to cater towards PMKSY.
Objectives of PMKSY
The PMKSY mission aimed to fulfill the following objectives:
- A channelized irrigation system in farms to provide required water in fields.
- Development of existing land and to utilize cultivable land for better productivity.
- Introduce technologies which make the best of water as a natural resource and ensures conservation too.
- Involvement of the administration in order to draw a financial plan in order to commence the use of those technologies.
- Proper research in recycling the waste water to promote “More Crop Per Drop“.
Implementation Of PMKSY
The Indian nation is largely dependent on its agricultural sector for profits and development. Thus improper cultivation of crops leads to the suffering of many individuals and the society as a whole. Since agriculture largely depends on the availability of water, the implementation of PMKSY largely depends on the irrigation systems. Thus the government has taken the following steps:
- Keeping in mind that 55% of the cultivable land in India does not have proper irrigation facilities, approximately 6 Lakh hectares of land has been brought under irrigation.
- There are parts of cultivable land that suffer under poor irrigation techniques. Thus a part of the funds went to approximately 1300 watershed projects to improve those conditions.
- The irrigation facilities are to be administered on district and state level by a supervising board called National Steering Committee (NSC). Narendra Modi is the chairman of this committee which consists of ministers as state (where PMKSY is implemented) representatives.
- “More Crop Per Drop” is being implemented by optimal use and reuse of water resources. This is having a two-way benefit: clean water for crops and water conservation. The success of PMKSY largely banks on water preservation so a large part of the funds in being utilized to recycle water using modern technologies.
- Apart from improving the efficiency of farming techniques, the government has also made a provision for the promotion of the National Agricultural Market. From the original budget, 200 crore INR has been extended to promotion policies to increase the sale of crop produced.
Benefits For Farmers Under PMKSY
Farmers are the key members involved in PMKSY. Thus their well-being is a matter of utmost importance for the Central Government. Thus apart from providing cultivable land and promoting their produce, other benefits have also been introduced for rural farmers:
- Launching Pension Schemes aimed at supporting farmers financially.
- The introduction of Insurance Schemes that protects farmers on a monetary basis in case of an untoward emergency.
- Introducing techniques of organic farming keeping the health benefits in mind. Also, educating the farmers about organic farming techniques for promoting better cultivation of crops.