Indian economy has been growing consistently attracting global acclaim. Growing economic activity and urbanization have historically gone hand in hand. However currently, many cities are struggling to cope up with the adverse effects of unplanned development without any master plans. Adequate infrastructure and avenues for IT enabled services are sadly in short supply in most cities. The fast increasing gulf between urban rich and poor is also a matter of serious concern.
Keeping this in mind, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Smart Cities Awas Yojna Mission in June 2015. It is one of the government’s most ambitious programs, with a total of ₹980 billion being endorsed by the Indian Cabinet and the development of every single person in this country.
Selection of Smart Cities
The implementation of the project will take place in three rounds. The first round comprises of the selection of 20 cities which require immediate and foremost attention. These include Bhubaneswar, Pune, Jaipur, Ahmedabad, New Delhi and many others. The second round shortlists another 13 cities like- Lucknow, Chandigarh, Ranchi, etc. Lastly the last round would cover rest of the 27 cities. Amritsar, Nagpur, Agra, Varanasi are among the few cities shortlisted for the third round.
Main Motive of Smart City Yojana
The whole idea of Smart City Yojana is not just to build huge buildings but to develop a city and make it modern so that the people living in it may enjoy the easier lifestyle and may avail basic facilities easily.
This project would ensure sanitation and other modern facilities for developing the city. The scheme would provide certain essential things needed for the urban areas like vehicles, infrastructure, ecology, education, energy resources, people’s security, cleanliness and health care with the help of modern technologies.
Smart Housing for Smart cities
Foremost importance is being given to Smart Housing for Smart cities. According to the terms of the program, the government of India will undertake to construct about two crore houses by the year 2022. Each house covered under the scheme will draw in a central grant of about 1 lakh Indian rupees up to 2.3 lakh Indian rupees which will form a part of the 6.5 percent interest rate subsidy scheme which previously had an interest rate subsidy of 1 percent.
Digital Governance in Smart cities
Following which Digital Governance in Smart cities is being given significance. This includes- multi-channel citizen interface like mobile, web, face-to-face, kiosks and social media can assist in delivering various citizen-centric services such as bill payment, tax, and on-line issuance of certificates and registration of grievances. Social media has proven to be a very powerful two-way communication channel.
To serve all the major requirements of the implementation of the project, the government has the policy to outreach all the foreign investors so that they help in the development program.
This project will compromise a lot of steps. The exact duration of the scheme has not been mentioned, however, as conveyed the project would take place in phase/ rounds and the final phase should be completed within next two decades.
Benefits to other Social and Economic groups
While the Pradhan MantriAwasYojana is clear about its aim, it does make sure that the advantages of the program are cherished by every female, financially weak groups of Indian society. Tran’s genders and widows, members of the society which belong to the lower income groups and urban poor, and the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes shall be granted preference when they try to avail the affordable housing scheme.
Apart from these groups, people who often find themselves out of a home, senior citizens and differently-abled people shall also gain preference in allotment of houses. If needed, they shall be able to choose a ground floor house. As stated earlier, the project is one of the most ambitious projects till date in India and every Indian will be amazed by it.
The intent and the fundamental idea behind the project are quite righteous, provided the implementation part is done with utmost honesty. Protection and benefits are for everyone and every citizen of India should get all the benefits be in anyone either lower class people or even aTran’s genders and widows. Smart City Yojana would bring in smart solutions within the targeted cities so that the day to day lives of the citizens living in these cities is convenient and efficient at the same time.