7th Pay Commission

The Central Pay Commission: A Long Standing Government Scheme

Central Pay Commissions are generally introduced at a periodic interval of 10 years. The 6th pay commission was referenced on 1st January 2006. Thus the Terms Of Reference for the 7th pay commission was approved on 2014 for its commencement by 2016. All details of the Central Pay Commission has been discussed below.

7th Pay Commission

What are The “Terms of Reference”?

Terms of Reference defines a set of guidelines that govern all the central pay commissions. These terms are cross verified and revised in order to support the demands of all central government employees.

What Are The Factors on Which Central Pay Commissions are Based?

The Pay Commissions basically takes the following factors into account:

  • The basic pay scale of a central government employee.
  • The miscellaneous facilities and allowances that are provided in terms of cash or benefits.
  • Assessment of the existing pay structure along with incentives in order understands its impact on employee productivity and satisfaction.
  • The retirement schemes including the pension benefits are taken into account.

Who Are The Government Employees Benefiting from Pay Commissions?

Given below are the list of government officials who benefit from the pay commissions:

  • Members of Indian Defence.
  • Official members of Supreme Court.
  • All the regulating government bodies except the RBI (Reserve Bank of India).
  • Employees of central government who work in industrial as well as non-industrial sectors.

What Are The Factors Taken Into Account For The 7th Pay Commission?

The 7th Pay Commission, which is the latest Central Pay Commission, has various Terms of Reference that were considered before its commencement. It includes statistics like the nation’s financial scenario, economic standing as per other countries and review of benefits in the existing pay commission. The State Government follows the Central Pay Commission hence a complete economic picture of India is required. Also, before upgrading to the 7th Pay Commission, the Government calculated if there were ample funds left for the infrastructural development of the nation.

What Are The Important Factors And Latest Developments In 7th Central Pay Commission?

The Government had decided on a fitment factor of 2.57 by which the salary of a government employee will increase in the 7th Pay Commission. Also, the House Rent Allowance or HRA will be reduced from 10%, 20% and 30% to 8%, 16%, and 24%. There is a total of 196 allowances under Central Pay Commissions. Out of them, 52 has been discarded completely and 36 are under assessment. The government employees have demanded the fitment factor to be increased to 3.16.

What Are The Controversies That Surround Central Pay Commissions?

There is one particular controversy regarding the Central Pay Commission that has yet not been resolved. Mostly IAS officers have been the members of the panel that is formed to authorize the pay commissions. As a result, it is seen that IAS officers reap more benefits than the other government employees when each pay commission commences. Thus there have been demands to include members from other government organizations and civil services officers to be included among the Pay Commission members.


Sukanya Samriddhi Account

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: All You Need To Know

Betterment of the girl child in our nation is a matter of utmost independence. The changing face of India under Narendra Modi was marked by yet another scheme launched by him to empower the girl child. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is a financial savings scheme offered to all families to bear the basic expenses of the girl child, especially her education.

Sukanya Samriddhi Account

Why Should You Invest In Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana

Gender equality and protection of women in the still orthodox parts of India is a pressing issue. Thus the financial independence of women is becoming much more important. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana promises a bright future to every Indian girl child. For the unfortunate ones, this is a scheme that guarantees education and other basic expenses. Also, the scheme offers major benefits in terms of investment options, tax savings, and return policies. But, investing in Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is not only to avail those extra benefit, but also to empower the female population of the country.

How To Open A Sukanya Samriddhi Account

The idea of Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana is to open an account for the girl child of your family. This has to be done at the corresponding bank or post office of your local area. Given below are the details of opening an account at the Bank or Post Office:

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Opening an Account At Bank or Post Office

Since Post Offices are the most widespread network of accounts in our country, a Sukanya Samriddhi Account can be opened at any Post Office. Also, there are branches of few banks that are government authorized for allowing citizens to open a Sukanya Samriddhi Account. A form is available at the Post Offices and authorized bank branches that pertain to Sukanya Samriddhi Account initiation. After filling this form it has to be submitted along with the required documents to your corresponding bank or post office. The documents will them be verified and the form will be approved. Thus, the Sukanya Samriddhi Account can be opened in the name of the girl child. The account can be opened by the parents or legal guardians of the girl child, who are responsible for making the deposits towards the account.

Eligibility Criteria For Sukanya Samriddhi Account

There are certain eligibility criterions governing the opening of an account under the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana. They are as follows:

  • A Sukanya Samriddhi Account can be opened in the name of a maximum of two girl children of the family. In the case of twins, the Yojana can be extended to a third child.
  • The scheme has to be availed any time before the girl child reaches an age of 10 years.
  • Withdrawal can be made from the account only after it has been valid for a minimum of 14 years.

Documents Required To Open An Account Under Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana

The list of documents stated below is the mandatory documentation required by the banks or post office to commence a Sukanya Samriddhi Account.

  • The filled application form for opening the account.
  • Birth Certificate of the girl child in whose name the account is being opened.
  • ID Proof and Address proof of the parents or legal guardian who are opening the account to make the required deposits.

Rate Of Interest For Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana

The deposits made in Sukanya Samriddhi Scheme are subject to producing good interest rates. As of the current financial year 2016-2017 the interest rate offered if 8.6% per annum. When the scheme first started in the financial year 2015-2016, the rate of interest was 9.1%.

Tax Benefits On Investing In Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana

The parents or legal guardians who are the depositors of the Sukanya Samriddhi Account opened in the name of their girl child can avail tax benefits. The benefit is a tax deduction of up to INR 1.5 Lakhs under the Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. But any amount deposited over 1.5 lakhs is not liable to any deductions.

Withdrawal Policy For Sukanya Samriddhi Account

There are certain rules pertaining to withdrawal of funds from the Sukanya Samriddhi Account or permanent closure of the account. Given below are the details:

  • When the girl child attains an age of 21 years, complete withdrawal can be made from the Sukanya Samriddhi Account. No complete withdrawal is allowed before that.
  • There is a provision for partial withdrawal of funds (50%) when the girl child has reached 18 years of age. But this partial withdrawal is subject to providing a reason that is urgent in nature.
  • Complete account closure is possible when the girl child is 21 years.

All the withdrawals that are made from the account must be solely in the name of the girl child.






Vikalp Yojana: A Scheme By Indian Railways

Vikalp Yojana is a scheme launched by the Indian Railways in order to improve the service provided for all the passengers who are in the waiting list category. Thus it increases the flexibility of Indian Railways making it a convenient service provider. The approach of Vikalp Yojana is passenger friendly. A waiting list ticket for a train will be converted to a confirmed ticket for the next train running along the same route if a berth or seat is available. Vikalp Yojana has been applied for trains running between Delhi to Jammu and Delhi to Lucknow currently.

Vikalp Yojana: Planning and Benefits

The plan of Vikalp Yojana is to assure the waitlisted passengers a confirmed ticket. Thus the passengers will get a ticket for the next train along the same route. This service was initially available for all the passengers who booked online tickets for Mail and Express trains. The service will go on for a period of 6 months. Then according to the flexibility and reviews by the passengers, the rules will be revised and the scheme will be promoted widely. One of the advantages of this scheme is that a confirmed ticket is booked for the next available train along the same route without any extra charges. Thus the Vikalp scheme aims to provide a two-way benefit: The convenience of passengers and the utilization of unreserved berths which will profit the Railways division.

The passengers, if waitlisted, will be notified to opt for the Vikalp Scheme. If the option is affirmed then the confirmed ticket on the alternative train will be notified via an SMS sent to the registered mobile number of the passenger. This an especially effective scheme during the peak seasons when many passengers fail to get reservations. The chances of getting a confirmed ticket are very high and it is a reassurance for many passengers. On the 1st November 2016, a pilot run was done for this scheme. After the pilot run, this scheme was made available for counter ticket bookings and the running routes are slowly being expanded. Another benefit of this scheme is that in case there is a difference in ticket fare between the train opted for and the alternative train confirmed, the difference in the amount is refunded to the account of the passenger.

Implementation of Vikalp Scheme

To enable easier implementation of the Vikalp Yojana the following steps are followed:

  • A proper database is maintained for all the waitlisted passengers.
  • In case a confirmed booking is available on the alternative train along the same route, a passenger who has opted for Vikalp Scheme is sent a confirmed ticket.
  • The name of the passenger will be deleted from the waitlisted database of the original train.
  • A separate list will be prepared for all the passengers who have got a confirmed booking on alternative trains.
  • A separate and updated chart is prepared for confirmed and waitlisted passengers.
  • Only in the case of a huge rush, a passenger will not be cleared of the waitlist.
  • The passengers who have opted for Vikalp Scheme are advised to check their PNR status regularly for updates.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana Review: PMUY Goals, Application & Eligibility

Narendra Modi’s reign as the Indian Prime Minister is a compilation of masterstrokes with his many schemes that changed the face of India over the last couple of years. One such important scheme is The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana. Introduced on 1sy May 2016 in the state of Uttar Pradesh, PMUY is a socio-economic welfare scheme that aims at providing LPG connections to all the households below the poverty line. Thus inefficient and toxic rural fuels were replaced by clean Liquefied Petroleum Gas in about 5 Crore households.

Goals Of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana?

The primary aim of PMUY is development across the rural sectors of India by providing them with better non-renewable fuel facilities and to promote hygienic cooking in households below the poverty line. This scheme has multiple advantages:

  • Educating the rural women to use healthy fuels in cooking.
  • Promoting welfare in rural families by eradicating health hazards posed by unhygienic fossil fuels.
  • Reducing pollution caused due to burning fossil fuels and in turn prevent any bronchial and respiratory diseases that may affect the lungs negatively.
  • Eradicating deadly diseases caused due to air pollution, thus decreasing the death rates among rural locales.

Government Implementation Of PMUY

The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas is responsible for implementation of this scheme. The time frame that has been provided for implementation is 2016-2019. All the LPG’s will be properly dispatched and distributed to households below the poverty line on the production of required documents. The Ministers of Petroleum and Natural Gas will keep a record of all distributions to meet the goals within the given time frame.

Budget Allotted For PMUY

Narendra Modi has introduced the PMUY and has declared a budget of 8000 Crore to implement it. Each financial year an amount of 2000 Crore will be kept aside for PMUY to provide LPG connections to 5 Crore households by 2019. An EMI will also be started by the government for refilling the LPG and to buy stoves.

Application Procedure: How to apply For PMUY

PMYU is aimed at educating women and encouraging them to use healthy cooking fuels instead of fossil fuels. Thus KYC Application forms for PMUY has been introduced by the government which is available both online and offline. So any woman who is from a family that comes under “below poverty line” category can fill the form with all required details. The form has to be submitted along with all the necessary documents to the nearest LPG retailer mentioning the weight of LPG Cylinder required. The eligibility criteria for application is a follows:

  • The applicant must be a female whose name is listed under “Below Poverty Line,” SECC-2011 data. For this, the applicant must issue a BPL Certificate authorized by the municipality chairman. A copy of this certificate must be submitted to the nearest LPG retailer
  • The age of the applicant must be equal to or above 18 years.
  • The applicant must belong from a household that does not have a pre-registered LPG connection.
  • The applicant should be the primary account holder in any centralized bank with a savings account in her name.
  • Along with the BPL Certificate, the applicant must also have a BPL Ration Card.
  • The applicant must submit any photo identity proof: Aadhar Card, Voter Card, etc.

The above-mentioned documentation proofs have to be submitted along with a recent passport size photograph to complete the application.

all government schemes 2014-17

Complete List of All Government Schemes (2014- 2017)

The reign of Narendra Modi has been earmarked by government schemes that aimed to change the face of India over a span of 5 years.  Health and other socio-economic reform schemes were introduced keeping in mind all the social strata existing in the country. Here is the list of all government schemes that were launched since 2014:

all government schemes 2014-17

Government Schemes 2016-17

To get a detailed information about all the schemes started by the Modi Government in the year 2016-17 you can refer to the following post:

Read More: List Of Government Schemes Started By Modi Government In 2016-17

Government Schemes 2015

  1. OROP: 5th September 2015

The One Rank One Pension scheme stated that individuals who retired with the same rank and service duration can avail the same amount of pension money irrespective of the year in which they retired. This scheme was started basically to cater to the army personnel as in such cases the rank matters a lot. Thus a general who retired 20 years ago will get the same pension as a general who recently retired.

Read More: One Rank One Pension Scheme: OROP Review

  1. Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana: 21st July 2015

Narendra Modi launched this scheme for health reforms in the nation. This scheme stated that Jan Aushadhi stores spread all over the country would sell medicines at an affordable cost as compared to the market price. A financial assistance will be provided to NGO groups and other private hospitals by extending a fund of 2.5 Lakhs INR each to them. With these funds, the organizations were encouraged to open these Jan Aushadhi stores. The scheme ensured that everyone can afford medicines at the time of need.


  1. Skill India: 15th July 2015

Skill India was a scheme introduced by Modi in order to create a larger platform for developing the talents of an individual with good technical skills. This scheme basically caters to the youth of India by encouraging them to enhance their talents and come forward in order to build a skillful nation.


  1. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana: 1st July 2015

The PMKSY aimed at improving the agricultural sector of India. Under this scheme, proper irrigation facilities were to be provided to all the areas that involved agricultural activities. Thus water provision and water recycling facilities will be provided in those areas enabling the implementation of the concept of “More Crop Per Drop”. There has been a major growth in the quantity and quality of cultivable land after the introduction of this scheme.

Read More: Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana


  1. Digital India: 1st July 2015

Narendra Modi introduced this scheme in order to promote the development of the country by digitizing it. Digitization included providing technical education to all citizens and improving the Internet speed and connectivity. Also, the scheme involved encouraging the use of online facilities by promoting them and making their interface user-friendly.


  1. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana:  25th June 2015

This Scheme launched by Narendra Modi aims at providing housing to all Indian citizens. It basically caters to the individuals and families falling under the Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) and Low Income Groups (LIG). The implementation will be through funding the poor families so that they can afford housing, home loans and subsidy linked housing facilities. Thus an approximate number of 5 crores homes will be provided for the financially deprived families and individuals to reside in. This scheme is to continue over a span of 4 years.

Read More: PMAY Scheme for the Year 2017: Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana

  1. AMRUT Scheme: 24th June 2015

Atal Mission For Rejuvenation And Urban Transformation or AMRUT Scheme aimed at improving the infrastructural conditions of Urban India. This included building proper roads, improving transport facilities, providing clean drinking water and developing the sewerage systems. Another dimension of this scheme was to eradicate the pollution in urban areas by introducing pollution control methods and increasing the greenery in cities.

Read More: AMRUT Scheme

  1. Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Beema Yojana: 9th May 2015

This scheme was launched keeping in mind the fact that a meager population of India was covered by a proper Life Insurance scheme. Thus every individual was encouraged to contribute in this scheme for increasing the insurance coverage of citizens. Under this scheme, a minimum contribution of 330 INR yearly premium was required for a citizen to avail an insurance cover of 2 Lakhs (minimum). Thus there was an increased participation of citizens in this scheme.

Read More: Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana

  1. Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Beema Yojana: 9th May 2015

This government scheme aimed to increase the coverage of a citizen of India in the case of an untoward accident. An individual can avail an insurance cover of 2 Lakhs INR by investing a premium of 12 INR only. Thus the scheme spread awareness among everyone to avail for an accident cover.


  1. Atal Pension Yojana: 9th May 2015

Another protection scheme was launched by Modi in form of the Atal Pension Scheme. This scheme ensured that every individual had a pension facility to their name. Thus the number of pension account beneficiaries were increased by promoting the requirement of a pension scheme for an individual. According to this scheme, a subsidiary can avail a pension of 1000 INR to 5000 INR per month according to the investment done.


  1. Smart Cities Scheme: 29th April 2015

Smart City Scheme was launched under the reign of Modi to take a further step in the development of the country. Under this scheme, a smart and digitized approach will be undertaken to improve the facilities in Indian cities. This includes proper water and electricity supply along with facilities like better transportation, good Internet speed, and few safety measures.

Read More: Smart Cities Yojana: Benefits, Motives, and News

  1. Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana: 19th April 2015

This scheme was introduced as a welfare scheme by Narendra Modi in order to provide financial support to the poverty struck citizens. The concept was to organize workshops all over the country which citizens can pay and attend. Funds raised through these workshops will go directly to the account of PMGKY. Post demonetisation, all black money holders were encouraged to get rid of their unaccounted cash via contributing a part of it to PMGKY.

Read More: Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana

  1. MUDRA Yojana: 8th April 2015

Micro-finance Units Development And Refinery Agency or MUDRA was a scheme launched in order to provide proper financial support to all small businesses in the country. Start-ups and other microfinance sectors can avail a loan ranging from 50,000 INR to 10 Lakhs INR under this scheme. The loan provided to these small business units will enable them to expand and develop which in turn will be profitable for the country.


  1. PRASAD Scheme: 9th March 2015

Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive or PRASAD Scheme aimed at providing an excellent tourism framework to the famous spiritual cities of India. This included cultural promotion of these cities via different media. Also, it involved the development of facilities to attract more tourists and make these cities a hub for financial income through tourism.


  1. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: 22nd January 2015

Narendra Modi launched this scheme to empower the girl child. The scheme stated that the parents of a girl child could start a Sukanya Samriddhi Account under her name for a duration of 14 years. This sum deposited in the account matures at a rate of interest as decided by the government. When the girl child is 18 years of age, then withdrawal can be made from this account for her education purposes. Also investing in this scheme would qualify for tax exemption under the Section 80C.


  1. HRIDAY Scheme: 21st January 2015

The Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana was launched in order to revitalize the Indian roots by the development of the heritage sites of India. 12 heritage cities were funded under this scheme to undergo development in terms of road connectivity, sewerage facilities, living conditions and a tourism friendly environment. The HRIDAY also aimed at financially supporting these cities by increasing the development on the tourism front. Also, the scheme ensured that the historical pride of India remains intact and protected.

Read More: HRIDAY Scheme: All You Need To Know

Government Schemes 2014

  1. Indradhanush Scheme: 25th December 2014

Indradhanush Scheme is a health and welfare scheme launched by the Modi government with the objective of protecting every Indian child from threatening diseases. The implementation of this Scheme involves vaccination of all children against diseases like polio, tuberculosis, tetanus, measles, pox, hepatitis, etc.


  1. Relaunch of PAHAL: 15th November 2014 (LPG Subsidy Scheme)

The PAHAL Scheme or LPG subsidy scheme employs the direct benefit transfer of LPG subsidy. This means that the LPG subsidy will be directly linked to the bank account of an individual from a particular domestic household. The bank account will be linked to the Aadhar card in this case. Thus the extra charge that is taken for transportation and other purposes is not actually government approved procedure. Basically, to eradicate those purposes, PAHAL was launched.

Read More: LPG Subsidy Scheme: PROS, CONS, Success Rate and Recent News

  1. Pradhan Mantri Bal Swacchta Mission: 14 November 2014

Another health and sanitation mission was undertaken by the government with this scheme. The main objective of Bal Swacchta Mission was to spread awareness regarding cleanliness habits among the children of India. This was done by implementing practices that ensured a clean environment, drinking water and sanitation facilities for children in schools and other surrounding areas.


  1. UDAAN Scheme: 14th November 2014

UDAAN Scheme was introduced by the Modi Government in order to promote the concept of women empowerment. Under this scheme, a meritorious female child can avail education, mentoring and scholarship services from the government in order to gain knowledge in the technical field. The scheme also wants to implement better education practices by enhancing teaching methods that will help these meritorious students.


  1. Pradhan Mantri Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana: 11th October 2014

A huge step was taken towards rural development with the launch of this scheme. The aim of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana was to revolutionize the framework of rural India. To enable this all kinds of cultural, economic and structural reforms were undertook in villages. The concept was that each Member of Parliament is to take the responsibility of developing the conditions of three villages by 2019.

Read More: Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana Objectives, Plan, Strategy

  1. Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana: 11th October 2014

One of the largest cropping zones in India is where the Rabi and Kharif crops grow. These crops are sensitive and liable to damage in case of untoward natural conditions. Thus farmers responsible for growing these crops will be provided an insurance cover under this scheme. The insurance can be availed by paying a small premium. In the case of damage to these crops, farmers will be given the insurance amount thus ensuring that they can avail the minimum means to sustain.


  1. Swacchh Bharat: 2nd October 2014

Launched on Gandhi Jayanti, this scheme aims at fulfilling Gandhi’s mission to achieve a clean nation. Thus Swacchh Bharat aimed at providing public awareness for maintaining a clean environment by inculcating sanitary habits. It also aimed at improving the drinking water facilities and the cleanliness amenities in deprived and rural areas.


  1. Make In India: 25th September 2014

The Make In India Scheme was launched to inculcate within the citizens a tendency to depend on Indian manufactured products rather than foreign goods. Thus may small and multinational companies were engaged in building Indian products of the best quality to attract people. Also, an awareness was spread among the nation stating that if the scheme was successful, India will develop economically to a large extent.


  1. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushlaya Yojana: 25th September 2014

This scheme was launched in rural India to increase the productivity of rural India by increasing the number of employed individuals. Thus there will be overall skill development among rural workers if they are engaged in different means of earning regular wages. The entire scheme will thus lead to the growth or “kaushlaya” of a village.


  1. Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana: 28th August 2014

Previously India was underdeveloped in the financial sector due to many citizens not having a bank account. The Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana aims at spreading an awareness and educating every citizen regarding the banking facilities that exist. Thus the idea of banking, savings, investment and insurance policies were promoted enabling everyone to implement them. Also, many bank branches were started in remote areas for the convenience of people residing there.









Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana or PMKSY is a government scheme introduced on 1st July 2015 in order to improvise the farming market of nature. The scheme aimed at better productivity from rural farming by utilizing necessary resources in a proper manner. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs took up this scheme under the leadership of our honorable Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. A budget of 500 billion INR was drawn to cater towards PMKSY.


Objectives of PMKSY

The PMKSY mission aimed to fulfill the following objectives:

  • A channelized irrigation system in farms to provide required water in fields.
  • Development of existing land and to utilize cultivable land for better productivity.
  • Introduce technologies which make the best of water as a natural resource and ensures conservation too.
  • Involvement of the administration in order to draw a financial plan in order to commence the use of those technologies.
  • Proper research in recycling the waste water to promote “More Crop Per Drop“.

Implementation Of PMKSY

The Indian nation is largely dependent on its agricultural sector for profits and development. Thus improper cultivation of crops leads to the suffering of many individuals and the society as a whole. Since agriculture largely depends on the availability of water, the implementation of PMKSY largely depends on the irrigation systems. Thus the government has taken the following steps:

  • Keeping in mind that 55% of the cultivable land in India does not have proper irrigation facilities, approximately 6 Lakh hectares of land has been brought under irrigation.
  • There are parts of cultivable land that suffer under poor irrigation techniques. Thus a part of the funds went to approximately 1300 watershed projects to improve those conditions.
  • The irrigation facilities are to be administered on district and state level by a supervising board called National Steering Committee (NSC). Narendra Modi is the chairman of this committee which consists of ministers as state (where PMKSY is implemented) representatives.
  • “More Crop Per Drop” is being implemented by optimal use and reuse of water resources. This is having a two-way benefit: clean water for crops and water conservation. The success of PMKSY largely banks on water preservation so a large part of the funds in being utilized to recycle water using modern technologies.
  • Apart from improving the efficiency of farming techniques, the government has also made a provision for the promotion of the National Agricultural Market. From the original budget, 200 crore INR has been extended to promotion policies to increase the sale of crop produced.

Benefits For Farmers Under PMKSY

Farmers are the key members involved in PMKSY. Thus their well-being is a matter of utmost importance for the Central Government. Thus apart from providing cultivable land and promoting their produce, other benefits have also been introduced for rural farmers:

  • Launching Pension Schemes aimed at supporting farmers financially.
  • The introduction of Insurance Schemes that protects farmers on a monetary basis in case of an untoward emergency.
  • Introducing techniques of organic farming keeping the health benefits in mind. Also, educating the farmers about organic farming techniques for promoting better cultivation of crops.




Heritage City Development And Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY Scheme)

The Heritage City Development And Augmentation Yojana or HRIDAY is a government scheme that was launched on 21st January 2015. The main objective of this scheme was to preserve the rich Indian Heritage that was taking steady steps towards deterioration. The concept was to develop Ancient India alongside Urban and Rural planning and management. This Scheme would cover under it the cities which are Indian Heritage sites.


Birth Of HRIDAY Scheme

India is a land of diverse cultural traditions. People of all religious strata reside in India from time immemorial. Thus India houses a classic and rich collection of music, art, literature, handicrafts and architectural wonders. Conservation of these resources has often been a neglected process. The efforts were mainly from local communities residing in Heritage sites. But they did not have the full means to implement their ideas. The Central Government focused basically on financial issues, urban development, provision of facilities like sewerage connection and water supply. This resulted in the Heritage being derelict. Proper direction, sanitary facilities, lighting and other decorative aspects were found missing from Heritage sites. Thus the pride of India suffered.

This is when HRIDAY came to play. The Scheme took up the objective to develop Heritage cities on an overall basis. Conservation of the main monuments was the key objective, but not the only objective. HRIDAY covered an entire Heritage City and aimed to improve its sanitary systems, economic status, and quality of basic services provided. This, in turn, would lead to financial development via tourism, thus exposing the Indian culture maximally.


Objectives Of HRIDAY Scheme

HRIDAY aims to develop the basic heritage framework of India by conserving and renewing ancient infrastructure like:

  • Ancient Monuments
  • Temples and their architecture
  • Prayer Ghats

Apart from the infrastructural development of the heritages stated above, the cities around them would also undergo a revitalization. This includes improved sanitary facilities, sewerage system, connectivity through main roads and transportation facilities. Thus the main objective revolves around the following ideas:

  • The HRIDAY scheme is to be implemented over a period of approximately 4 years ( January 2015 to November 2018).
  • Development and Improving the framework of Heritage sites.
  • Improving public service delivered to cities with heritage sites.
  • Keep a documentation of all heritage sites ready to refer to the architectural and cultural aspects while development.
  • Improve the connectivity to heritage sites through roads so as to make tourism easier.


Growth And Implementation Of HRIDAY Scheme

The 4 years allotted to implementing the HRIDAY scheme with cover 12 major cities identified as the heritage sites of India. They are:

Amaravati, Amritsar, Ajmer, Badami, Gaya, Dwarka, Mathura, Kanchipuram, Velankanni, Varanasi, Puri, and Warangal.

These are the targeted cities in which the objectives are being currently implemented. Thus from the development and tourism point of view, a large progress has been made.


Funding Towards HRIDAY

The government of India has allocated a total asset of 500 crores INR to fund the HRIDAY Scheme. The funds are divided as follows:

  • 85% of the funds will go towards specific heritage site improvement.
  • 3% of the funds will go towards the development of heritage city.
  • The cost of operation and administration is covered by 1% of the funds.
  • Improving communication and networking is covered by 4% of the funds
  • To increase the capacity of local communities aiming to develop these sites, 3% of the total funds are being allocated.
  • 4% of the funding will go towards the preparation of reports and other documentation regarding the heritage sites.

The above division stands for the funds allocated to each of the 12 cities for heritage development.


Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT Scheme)

Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Transformation or AMRUT Scheme was introduced by the honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi on June 2015. The key focus of the scheme is to re-launch urban projects to promote the development of proper infrastructure in Urban India. This scheme aims at overall Urban transformation with an improved framework, sewage disposal and proper water supply in all areas.  AMRUT follows a Public Private Partnership model. This means that on the demand other related schemes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and Housing For All can be linked to AMRUT as they all aim at urban development.


Budget For AMRUT

AMRUT collectively covers many government schemes at once. It is a part of Swachh Bharat and Housing For All. Also, AMRUT covers under it the “Smart City” objective designed by Modi for revolutionizing urban areas. Thus the budget drew collectively for AMRUT and “Smart City Plan” is approximately 1 Lakh Crore INR. Since its launch, AMRUT has seen a commencement of implementation in over 500 cities.

Application For AMRUT Scheme

Application towards AMRUT is made from the state towards the central government. A State Annual Action Plan (SAAP) needs to be submitted to the Central Government. The SAAP includes all Service Level Improvement Plans (SLIPs) required in an urban area. This proposed SAAP is then approved by the government, after which necessary steps are taken towards development. The SLIPs are drawn in accordance with the development required on a city-wise basis. The SLIPs might propose the following development ideas under it:

  • Improvement in quality and quantity of water supplied for domestic and other uses.
  • Improvement of sewer networks for proper disposal of urban waste.
  • Better connectivity via road and improving transportation facilities.
  • Improving the state of existing infrastructure and development of a better framework.
  • Digitized facilities like Wi-Fi and proper internet bandwidth.
  • Improvement in the industrial sector.

Rajasthan was the first among all states to submit SAAP to the Central Government in order to implement AMRUT

Target of AMRUT

States can submit SAAP to the government proposing several improvements to be made under the AMRUT scheme. The target the government aims at after the SAAP proposal are as follows:

  • Sanitized water is available for domestic and other purposes in all parts of a city.
  • Increasing the green space around the city by planting more trees and encouraging an environment-friendly framework.
  • Improving the public transport in a city and ensuring proper safety.
  • Controlling industrial pollution.
  • Implementing Wi-Fi and other digitized facilities to promote the “Smart City” plan.

Success of AMRUT

In its first phase of implementation, AMRUT has been approved and funded for Rajasthan, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh. There have been further proposals made via SAAP. AMRUT has been implemented in more cities in the following manner:

  • Murshidabad district of West Bengal has been approved for AMRUT.
  • The sewer network systems of Amaravati district in Andhra Pradesh is being improved. Also, city wide provision of water is being implemented.
  • In Haryana, AMRUT has been linked with Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to promote better development in terms of waste management, water supply, and sewage systems.
  • Maharashtra has proposed for AMRUT implementation in 43 cities.
  • Madhya Pradesh has submitted SAAP for 34 cities to improve the water supply and waste management systems.
  • In Telangana, AMRUT is being implemented in 11 cities to improve the supply of water.
PMKVY Scheme

PMKVY: Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 15 July 2015 launched the Skill India Campaign with an aim to train over 40 million people in the country by the year 2022. This campaign has various projects under it which include National Skill Development Mission, National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015. As different investors and Industries from all over the world are invited by the honorable Prime Minister to set up business in India along with that, he also wants the youth to develop their skills. The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) was thus foreseen as a key measure to impart skills-based training to young men and women. So that they are capable of earning for themselves and support the country become poverty free. The scheme becomes all the more important in India as it has the world’s largest youth population that requires employable skills.

PMKVY Scheme

The government has given a total outlay of 1,500 Crores To formulate and implement the PMKVY. The program is to impart skills to the 24 lakh youth in the country focusing mainly on the school dropouts and the poverty ridden areas. The scheme was launched in all the states of India in early July 2015.15 July 2015 was also observed as National Skills Day. The unemployment rate in India has gone down in a huge level by 2014. This scheme is being aimed to completely irradiate the unemployment issue.

National Skill Development Council has been given the charge of proper implementation of the scheme. According to the plan, the skills that the youth will be trained will be decided based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and also based on the opinion of the industries that would heir those skilled trainees. The Central and the Sates governments were also consulted for various inputs. This scheme also led to the development of other schemes like Digital India Scheme.

The government made sure that the enrolment process for the scheme is kept simple. Firstly proper advisement was made about the scheme throughout the country by making a partnership with telecom companies. The government sent out mass SMS about the scheme and provided the eligible candidate a toll-free number to call on (1800 102 6000). The candidates were supposed to give a missed call on the number, and they were directed to an IVR through an automated callback. There the candidate was asked to give to their necessary details. These details are stored and screened later. The eligible candidates were provided with the details of the nearest training centers and the dates which they should report.

The scheme was first launched in Bihar, and the youth from the northeastern part of India has been planned to give major focus. From 1 July 2015, about 1, 17,564 people from all over the country have already enrolled for skills training. Training has been instigated for some 1,07,080 trainees already. As the scheme’s implementation is being undertaken by NSDC’s training partners. The National Skill Development Corporation has come up with a list of 187 l training partners with 2300 training centers spread out in almost all the states of India. While the scheme is on experimental trail state in selective states and regions, a nation-wide launch is expected by mid-July. Out of the 1500 crores that were outlaid for the scheme INR 1120 is likely to be allocated for the training of the youth, 220 crores will be spent on the “recognition of prior learning”. And the rest INR 67 crores were spent on creating awareness and advertising about the scheme.

Along with the training, the candidates will have to go through an assessment at the end of the training period. A third party assessment body would evaluate the candidates and based on the skills acquired the candidates with will be rewarded with the financial support of INR 8000, and a certificate of merit is issued.

Not only in the development of the candidates, but this scheme has also looked into the fact that proper training institutes are setup. Digital training facilities and skilled instructors are highly valued by NSDC for the training sessions. The institutes that have been made partners were properly studied upon before the commencement of the scheme. The training curriculum which is followed is highly efficient and relevant. The state government and sector skill council continuously keep a check on the training sessions and the training institutes. They are highly monitored. A process of taking feedback from the candidates about the Institute and the session on a regular basis has also helped to make the scheme work very efficiently.

The latest updates of the event are as follows: On the occasion of the first anniversary of the Scheme, the Union Cabinet again outlaid an amount of 12000 crores to carry forward the scheme for next four years. According to government records, 18 lakh candidates have been enrolled to the scheme, and around 17 lakhs have successfully acquired the skills by July 2016. The National Skill Development Corporation is aiming to set up 50 International Training Centres all over the country. These centers will increase job opportunities for health care workers, retails, security, tourism, and many more sectors.

SAGY scheme

Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) Objectives, Plan, Strategy

Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) is a rural development program launched by the Hon’ble Prime Minister concerned with the social and cultural development and to provoke active participation of the rural community to create model villages one by one.

SAGY scheme

SAGY Objectives

The primary objectives of the program is to

  1. Develop Aadarsh Grams through the application of existing schemes and new initiatives reciprocating the needs in the locality or village community, which varies from village to village.
  2. Creating ideal village development which can be replicated in other villages as well.
  3. To initiate steps that lead to development of the identified Gram Panchayats
  4. To improve the standard of living of all sections through
  • Better livelihood opportunities
  • Wider social mobilization
  • Higher productivity
  • Enriched social capital
  • Improved basic amenities
  • Enhanced human development

The Plan behind SAGY

The vision of our Hon’ble Prime Minister is that, if we have to build a nation we have, to begin with the villages of our country. He firmly believes that if every member of parliament takes the initiative to transform villages in his/her constituency, a large number of villages would have seen development.

Under this program, each MP must choose one village from the constituency they represent and make it a model village by 2016.

After that they can two or more villages and do the same by the time the next general elections are held in 2019, and after that set themselves ten year development schemes.

What was the aim behind SAGY Yojana

The aim is to initiate and establish holistic development of Gram Panchayat. To significantly upgrade the standard and quality of life by targeting certain important aspects that can be broadly categorized as:

Personal development- personal values, cleanliness, cultural heritage

Human development- education, health, nutrition, social security

Economic development-livelihood, skill, financial inclusion

Social development-social values/ethics, social justice, good governance.

Strategy behind SAGY

  1. Conduct initiative programmes to create awareness towards active participation.
  2. Exercises for identifying the needs and priorities in an organized manner.
  3. Gathering resources from the central sector and centrally sponsored schemes and to their maximum extent.
  4. Repairing and rehabilitating existing infrastructure.
  5. Strengthening panchayats and public awareness
  6. Acting responsibly and with transparency.

A quick overview as to how SAGY is to be implemented

Identification- To initiate steps towards the development of the Aadarsh  Gram we have to first identify them. The selection of these villages are up to the discretion of the MPs or in general a tribal village or one with a population of 3000-5000 we’ll be an ideal selection as an Aadarsh Gram.

A Member of Parliament can freely choose his/her own village as an Aadarsh Gram. First identify one village for initial development then shortlist 2-3 more villages for subsequent development under the programme. The objective is to establish three Aadarsh Grams by 2019 or at least one by 2016. The target is to develop 5 of them at the rate of one per year by 2024.

Roles and responsibilities- Identification of Aadarsh Gram and social mobilization of the village community through a series of inculcating activities. Communicate the purpose and value of the program to all residents and be specific and transparent about the goals. Include suggestions and priorities and formulate a functional plan. Encourage participation and utilization of necessary resources through local contribution. The MPs will take responsibility to monitor the progress from time to tone and get involved to overcome obstacles that may arise through time. Ensure complete transparency throughout, from planning to implementation of outcomes and benefits.

How is SAGY going?

Currently, the second phase of Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana is in action, and so far we have seen only 40 MPs have adopted villages, 33 LokSabha members, and 7 RajyaSabha members, to develop them as model villages. Whereas in the first phase this count was well over 499 MPs in LokSabha and 199 MPs in RajyaSabha.

My Views on Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana

The Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana has been finally kicked off, and since the day of its launch 11 October 2014, almost two years have passed, and only a few have been actually benefited by it. The ruling party BJP has tried its level best to bring it into motion, but as we can see, there are conflicts about the funding of the scheme and activities. The opposition claims that it’s not right to use funding from the MPLAD scheme as they state that they’re already being used in other various development programs. Although it might not be justice to the efforts of the active government towards rural and as a result a nationwide development. This is nothing but an obstacle in the path of advancement and a quality living. It can only be overcome by unbiased and unprejudiced contribution towards community service through active participation and selfless attributes.