Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Transformation or AMRUT Scheme was introduced by the honorable Prime Minister Narendra Modi on June 2015. The key focus of the scheme is to re-launch urban projects to promote the development of proper infrastructure in Urban India. This scheme aims at overall Urban transformation with an improved framework, sewage disposal and proper water supply in all areas. AMRUT follows a Public Private Partnership model. This means that on the demand other related schemes like Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and Housing For All can be linked to AMRUT as they all aim at urban development.
Budget For AMRUT
AMRUT collectively covers many government schemes at once. It is a part of Swachh Bharat and Housing For All. Also, AMRUT covers under it the “Smart City” objective designed by Modi for revolutionizing urban areas. Thus the budget drew collectively for AMRUT and “Smart City Plan” is approximately 1 Lakh Crore INR. Since its launch, AMRUT has seen a commencement of implementation in over 500 cities.
Application For AMRUT Scheme
Application towards AMRUT is made from the state towards the central government. A State Annual Action Plan (SAAP) needs to be submitted to the Central Government. The SAAP includes all Service Level Improvement Plans (SLIPs) required in an urban area. This proposed SAAP is then approved by the government, after which necessary steps are taken towards development. The SLIPs are drawn in accordance with the development required on a city-wise basis. The SLIPs might propose the following development ideas under it:
- Improvement in quality and quantity of water supplied for domestic and other uses.
- Improvement of sewer networks for proper disposal of urban waste.
- Better connectivity via road and improving transportation facilities.
- Improving the state of existing infrastructure and development of a better framework.
- Digitized facilities like Wi-Fi and proper internet bandwidth.
- Improvement in the industrial sector.
Rajasthan was the first among all states to submit SAAP to the Central Government in order to implement AMRUT
Target of AMRUT
States can submit SAAP to the government proposing several improvements to be made under the AMRUT scheme. The target the government aims at after the SAAP proposal are as follows:
- Sanitized water is available for domestic and other purposes in all parts of a city.
- Increasing the green space around the city by planting more trees and encouraging an environment-friendly framework.
- Improving the public transport in a city and ensuring proper safety.
- Controlling industrial pollution.
- Implementing Wi-Fi and other digitized facilities to promote the “Smart City” plan.
Success of AMRUT
In its first phase of implementation, AMRUT has been approved and funded for Rajasthan, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh. There have been further proposals made via SAAP. AMRUT has been implemented in more cities in the following manner:
- Murshidabad district of West Bengal has been approved for AMRUT.
- The sewer network systems of Amaravati district in Andhra Pradesh is being improved. Also, city wide provision of water is being implemented.
- In Haryana, AMRUT has been linked with Swachh Bharat Abhiyan to promote better development in terms of waste management, water supply, and sewage systems.
- Maharashtra has proposed for AMRUT implementation in 43 cities.
- Madhya Pradesh has submitted SAAP for 34 cities to improve the water supply and waste management systems.
- In Telangana, AMRUT is being implemented in 11 cities to improve the supply of water.